[Parker- AP Euro] Chapter 18 Quiz

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"What is the Third Estate?" (1789)

a pamphlet written by the French priest Abbé Sieyès which declared that the Third Estate was the most useful component of French society

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789)

issued by the National constituent Assembly. Guaranteed:
1. Equality before the law
2. Representative government
3. Individual Freedom

established:
1. Proportional Taxation
2. Equality before the law
3. Equality of access to publis office
4. Presumption of innocence until proof of guilt

Estates General

The medival French parliament (legislative) covened in 1789. It consisted of three spearate groups or "estates":
First Estate- Clergy
Second Estate- Nobility
Third Estate- Everyone else

Issues:
1. Organization- How many representatives will each estate have
2. Voting-by individual member or by estate

Cahiers de Doleances

list of grievances presented to the King. They called for quitable taxes, local control of administartion, free press, etc. The overwhelming demnad was the equality of rights. Third Estate invites clergy and nobles to join them June 1st 1789.

included grievances regarding:
1. Government waste
2. Indirect taxes
3. Aristocratic hunting rights
4. Corruption

also called for all of the following:
1. economic reforms
2. constitutional monarchy
3. legal protection of individual liberties

Third Estate

The branch of the French Estates General representing all of the kingdom outside the nobility and the clergy; At the start of the Estates General, members of the the Third Estate refused to have their credentials officially recognized because they were protesting against separate meetings and votes for each estate; It was decided by the royal council that the Third Estate would have twice as many members as either the nobles of the clergy.

Tennis Court Oath (1789)

members vow to continue to meet until they have a constitution

National Constituent Assembly (1788-1791)

National Assembly was renamed to this which arose as the new legislative branch. compromised of a majority of memebers from all 3 estates-- they sought liberal goals for the administrative, constitutional, and economic reform; The primary goal was the establishment of a Constitutional monarchy. With the Constitution of 1791 this goal was achieved.

Bastille

Parisians stormed this fortress/prison-- releasing prisoners, killing troops, and the fortress

Constitution of 1791

divided the citizens of France into active and passive categories. Active citizens were men who paid annual taxes equal to three days of labor wages and they were the only citizens who could vote.

Chapelier Law (1791)

enacted by the National Constituent Assembly. It was aimed at urban workers and prevented them from forming associations.

Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790)

enacted by the National Constituent Assembly. It transformed the Roman Catholic Church in France into a branch of secular French state.

Declaration of Pillnitz (1791)

emperor Leopold II of Austria and King Fredrick of Prussia threatened to intervene in France to preserve the French monarchy.

Great Fear (1789)

rumors that royal troops would be sent to the rural districts sent the peasants into a frenzy. They destroyed legal records and documents (chateaux), refused to pay feudal dues, and took possession of food supplies and land that they considered to be theirs.

Declaration of Rights (1776)

the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen was modeled after Virginia's ___________ __ _______. This document described moral principles upon which a government should be run as well as prescribing specific legal rights.

Olympe de Gouges

a female writer who argued that the liberties promised by the French Revolution must be extended to women. She wrote the "Declaration of the Rights of Woman" (1791)

Mary Wollstonecraft

a female writer who argued that the liberties promised by the French Revolution must be extended to women. She wrote " A Vindication of the Rights of Women" (1792)

assignats

government bonds

1. lost much of their value
2. backed by value of church land
3. later issued without anything of value backing them up

emigres

nobles who fled France to settle in adjacent countries

Women's March on Versailles (1789)

7,000 Parisian armed women marched to Versailles demanding more bread

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