scientific revolution and enlightenment

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17 terms

Who created the geocentric theory

Aristole and Ptolemy

Who was the first to introduce the heliocentric theory, saying that the Earth revolved around the sun along with eight heavenly spheres where Heaven was not in a fixed position in the universe

Copernicus

Whose main goal was compiling evidence on the heliocentric theory, although he disagreed with it as well as the geocentric theory

Brahe

Who created the three laws on planetary motion, proving that the orbits of planets are elliptical, they go faster as they near the sun, and the ones farthest away go slowest

Kepler

Who discovered Jupiter's moon, proving the heavenly spheres theory false, as well as wrote the Starry Messenger and other works that got him in trouble with the Inquisition

Galileo

Who created the universal law of gravity and other "natural" laws, as well as the "world machine"

Newton

Who wrote Discourse on Method and created "I think therefore I am," placing importance on doubt and creating Cartesian dualism and mechanism

Descartes

Who wrote Great Instauration, placing an importance on empiricism and using the inductive method (observation and experiment) as well as stating science was meant for practical reasons, such as the creation of new and handy machines

Bacon

Which two people were relied on for the structure for Enlightenment with their natural laws and tabula rasa (blank mind)

Newton and Locke

Who wrote Persian Letters and The Spirit of Laws, attacking religious tradition and encouraging religious toleration as well as creating the idea of BALANCE OF POWERS

Montesquieu

Who wrote Philosophical Letters, Candide, and Treatise on Toleration, as well as championed deism and a believed in natural rights

Voltaire

Who wrote the Encyclopedia

Diderot

Who wrote Treatise on Human Nature and On Miracles, stating the only miracle was that humans still believe in miracles

Hume

Who wrote Wealth of Nations, stating that the economy should be guided by the invisible hand of the marketplace (economic liberalism/capitalism)

Smith

Who was possibly the Father of Romanticism wrote Discourse on Origins, The Social Contract, and Emile, stating that the first lie was private property, government was necessary (virtue--civilized), people should be governed by the GENERAL WILL, limited government control, and saying that women were meant to be domestic

Rousseau

Who was the Mother of Feminism wrote the Vindication of the Rights of Women, stating that men contradicted themselves by limiting women

Wollstonecraft

Who wrote The Age of Louis XIV, which was the beginning of social history and removed God from the events during the reign of the French king

Voltaire

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