CH 9- Drug Use and Substance Abuse Disorders

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Binge Drinking

Rapid alcohol consumption. 4 drinks in a row for women, 5 for men. Occurs in college environments

Denial

Defense mechanism associated with addictions. Failure to acknowledge reality of the problem

What is the relationship model?

It is a model that replaced the quantitative approach to defining a substance use disorder. It specifically looks at the relationship between the substance and its user, and places emphasis on any patterns that cause distress or impairment.

Difference between substance abuse and substance dependance?

SA is less severe and can lead to SD. SA only consists of continued use of substance despite negative consequences. SD has all 3 "C's" and can yield physiological dependence

The 3 C's of Substance Disorders

1) Continued Use despite negative consequences
2) Compulsive Use
3) Loss of control over use

Difference between tolerance and withdrawal?

Tolerance- Body's adaptation to substance that requires higher amounts to achieve desired effect
Withdrawal- physical or psychological symptoms that occur when substance use is decreased or stopped

Polysubstance abuse

3 or more substances are misused

Depressants include

Alcohol, Sedative Hypnotics, Opioids

Stimulants

Cocaine, Amphetamines, Nicotine, Caffeine

Hallucinogens

LSD, Psilocybin, Mescaline

Anxiolytic

Anxiety reducing effect

Synergistic

Multiplication of effects when two or more drugs of the same class are taken together

Cross- Tolerance

Tolerance extending across drugs within a class

Endogenous

internal, natural

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