Medical Terminology

118 terms by Sanpaku 

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Medical Terminolgy for CPC-P exam

term - acetabulum

cup-shaped depression on the hip joint that receives the head of the femur is the:

term - acidosis

pathologic condition resulting from an abnormal increase in the level of hydrogen ion in the body

term - acute

A disease that develops suddenly and does not last for a long time

term - adenocarcinoma

cancerous tumor arising from gladular tissue

term - aftercare

patient seen after surgery for dressing or suture removal

term - allergen

antigenic substance capable of producing an allergic response in the body

term - amblyopia

reduced vision in an eye without a detectable organic lesion

term - anaphylaxis

severe systemic allergic response characterized by redness, itching, swelling and water retention

term - anastomosis

surgical or pathologic connection between two vessels

term - anatomy

Anatomy is the study of the structure of an organism.

term - anencephalic

child born without a brain but has a brainstem

term - aneurysm

A balloon-like dilation of a blood vessel that weakens the wall of an artery

term - antepartum care

care that occurs before delivery or prenatal care

term - anticholinesterase

an enzyme that counteracts the action of the choline esters

term - antimetic

medication that prevents or relieves nausea

term - ARF

renal failure that is acute

term - arteriosclerosis

hardening and thickening of the arteries

term - ascites

abnormal intraperitoneal accumulation of serous fluid

term - asymptomatic

without symptoms

term - ataxia

uncoordinated gait associated with pathology of the central nervous system

term - atelectasis

incomplete expansion of a lung or portion of a lung during inspiration

term - Atherosclerosis

form of arteriosclerosis in which fat deposits accumulate on the vessel walls

term - atrophy

loss of some portion of skin and appears tranlucent - aged skin: not a lesion, but a physiologic response in aging process

term - audit

a formal examination of services billed, along with the codes submitted

term - auscultation

diagnostic technique for listening to sounds with the body

term - autoimmunity

immune response resulting in the prescense of self-antigens or autoantigens on the surface of certain body cells

term - avulvision

separation of a body part by tearing

term - balantis

inflammation of the glans penis

term - benign hypertension

less severe malignant hypertension; high bp is often the result of this condition

term - BPH

benign prostate hyperplasia - a condition which results in enlargement of the prostate due to age

term - bradycardia

condition in which the heart beats too slow

term - bronchospasms

constriction of the airways of the lung by a contraction of the muscles

term - bronchus

the airway in the respiratory tract where air travels into the lungs

term - bulla

large blister; greater than 1.0 cm in diameter: blister

term - bunion

localized area of enlargement of the inner portion of the metatarsophalangeal joint

term - bursae

closed sacs or cavaties of synovial fluid

term - cachexia

profound and marked wasting disorder associated with malnutrition

term - carcinogenic

cancer producing substance

term - cardiovascular stress test

a diagnostic test that analzyes the heart at work and rest

term - cerebrum

largest portion of the brain

term - chamber walls

endocardium (inner), myocardium (middle) and epicardium (outer)

term - cholinergic

agent that produces the effect of acetylcholine at the connections of the muscles and nerves

term - chondrosarcoma

a cartilage tumor that usuallly occurs in middle-aged and order individuals

term - chromosome

structures in the nucleus of a cell that function in the transmission of genetic information

term - chronic kidney disease

progressive loss of kidney function over time

term - cirrhosis

condition has as the largest group those that abuse alcohol

term - closure

Suturing of a wound left behind after a procedure or repair of a laceration.

term - code linkage

concept of linking icd-9 code to a cpt code is known as

term - colectomy

surgical removal of all or part of the colon

term - colposcopy

use of a scope to examine the vulva, vagina and cervix

term - combination coding

using one code to deine multiple conditions

term - comedo

blackhead, as seen as acne

term - congenital

born with a condition

term - contrast material

dye injected into the body to aid the visualization during a radiology procedure

term - COPD

an irriversible airway obstructive disease in which symptoms are bronchial spasm, dyspnea and wheezing

term - cortiocotropin

hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary

term - covalent bonding

name of process that occurs when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons?

term - crust

dried exudate on skin - scab

term - cryotherapy

therapeutic use of cold

term - cryptorchidism

undescended testicles

term - cystoscopy

examination of the uretha and bladder with a scope

term - D&C

dilation and curettage which involves the scraping of the uterus with a curette

term - debride

remove foreign material or dead tissue in a wound

term - debridement

cleansing or removal of dead or damaged tissue

term - decubitius ulcer

bedsore

term - deglutition

techninal term for swallowing

term - dendrites are

parts of the neurons that receive signals from the brain

term - dental caries

infection resulting from the erosion of the tooth surface

term - dermatome

configured zone of skin innervated by a spinal cord segment

term - dermatomyositis

a general muscle inflammation with an accompany skin rash

term - dermis

is the second layer of skin; two layers are papillare and reticulare and contain; fibrous connective tissue or skin appendages; blood vessels; nerves; hair; nails; glands

term - dialation

expansion

term - diaphysis

shaft of a bone

term - diastole

relaxation phase of the heartbeat

term - diplacement

result of overuse or overextension of a ligament is

term - diplopia

double vision

term - due care

the duty to have adequate regard for another person

term - endoscopy

examination of any cavity of the body

term - epidermis

the outermost layer, containing keratin; stratum corneum, most superficial layer of four layers called stratum; basal layer; deepest region of epidermis is the growth layer

term - epiphyseal

long end of a bone where bone growth occurs

term - epispadias

disorder of urethra in which urethral meatus is locaed on the dorsal side of the penis

term - erosion

loss of epidermis; does not extend into dermis - blisters

term - erythema

redness or inflammation of the skin produced by capillary congestion

term - escharotomy

surgical incision into dead tissue

term - euthanasia

intentional action or lack of action causing the merciful death of someone suffering from a terminal illness or incurable condition

term - expiration means

exhale

term - expiration means

exhale

term - external female genitalia

vulva

term - exudate

fluid, cells or cellular debris

term - fascia

fibrous membrane that covers separates and supports the muscles

term - fissure

cleft or groove on the surface of an organ or tissue

term - fissure

cracks in skin, athletes foot, openings in corners of the mouth

term - fistula

abnormal passage from an internal organ to the body surface

term - fraud

billing of services not provided, misrepresentating a diagnosis, kickbacks, falsifying medical necessity, and systematic waiver of copayments or deductibles

term - fulminant

occuring with great intensity

term - gangrene

necrosis or death of tissue

term - gastroscopy

visual examination of the stomach using a gastroscope

term - genetics

science of heredity

term - genotype

genetic substitution of a gene or cell

term - glands

sebaceous glands are located in dermal layer; secrete sebum that lubricates skin/hair; influenced by sex hormones so they hypertrophy in adolescense and atrophy in old age

term - gonadotropin

hormone the stimulates the testes and ovaries to function

term - gout

chronic disorder of uric acid metabolism

term - gustatory

taste

term - hematemesis

vomiting bright red blood

term - hematopoiesis

pertaining to the blood cells or a substance that stimulates their production

term - hematopoietic

pertaining to the production of and development of blood cells

term - hemeostasis

Existence and maintenance of a relatively constant environment within the body

term - hepatomegaly

enlargement of the liver

term - heterograft

the transplant of animal tissue into a human

term - Histological Study

study of each cellular component to the health of the whole cell would be

term - homeostasis

state of equilibrium within the boyd

term - homograft

transplant from one person to another

term - hospice

facility the provides care for elderly

term - hydrocele

accumulation of fluid caused by trauma, infection, or tumor?

term - hyperglycemia

increase in normal blood glucose level

term - hypospadias

condition where the meatus develops on the ventral side of the penis

term - hypothalamus

portion of the diencephalon of the brain

term - ICD

International Classification of Diseases

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