CH3.1 Early Civilizations of India
The mountain range in Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
|Indus River|| |
This river is a major river which flows through Pakistan. The cradle of Indian civilization.
|monsoon||Seasonal wind patterns that bring precipitation to the Indian sub-continent during the months of June through September.|
Ancient city in the Indus River valley about 800 KM from Arabian Sea that had at its height (3000 - 1500 BCE) about 35,000 inhabitants.
|Mohenjo Daro|| |
Ancient city in the Indus River valley about 400 KM from Arabian Sea that had at its height (3000 - 1500 BCE) about 40,000 inhabitants.
A group of Indo-European-speaking nomadic peoples who migrated from he steppes of central Asia and moved across the Hindu Kush into the plains of northern India.
A historical Indo-European language and the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Today, it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.
|varnas||The categorization of the Hindu society by four castes, or social class: Brahmins: scholars, teachers, priests and sages; Kshatriya: kings, soldiers, and rulers; Vaishyas: merchants, cattle herders and agriculturists; and Shudras: labourers, craftsmen and artisans.|
|caste system||In this system, every Indian was believed to be born into a social group, defined by occupation and family lineage.|
The major Indian religious system, which had its origins in the religious beliefs of the Aryans who settled India after 1500 BCE.
A method of training developed by the Hindus that is supposed to lead to oneness with God.
|reincarnation||A rebirth of an individual's soul in a different form after death.|
|karma|| in Hinduism, the force generated by a person's actions that determines|
how the person will be reborn in the next life.
|dharma||in Hinduism, the divine law that rules karma; it requires all people to do their duty based on their status in society.|
a religious doctrine introduced in northern India in the sixth century BCE by Siddhartha Gautama, known as the the Buddha, or "Enlightened One"
|Siddhartha Gautama|| |
The founder of Buddhism, known as the Buddha, or "Enlightened One."
|nirvana||in Buddhism, ultimate reality, the end of the self and a reunion with the Great World Soul|
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