Intro. Sociology

100 terms by DIGGITY 

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feral children

Children who have had little or no social contact and therefore have no idea of how to behave in society or what society expects of them.

socialization

the process through which people learn the expectations of society.

social agents

those who pass on societies expectations.

looking glass self

explains how a persons self arises from the opinion of others (how society sees "you").

imitation stage

children merely copy the behavior of those around them.

play stage

children start to take on the role of those significant to them.

game stage

the child is able to take on multiple roles at the same time.

significant other

those with whom children have a close affiliation. (occurs during play stage)

generalized other

the one in whom the child finds an example of community examples and social values,this depends on ones social position(race,class,gender,region,or religion). this happens during game stage.

"I"

the I is the active,creative,self defining part of an individuals personality.

"me"

the passive,conforming self that reacts to others.

social control

process by which groups and individuals within those groups are brought into conformity with dominant social expectations.

roles

the expected behavior associated with a given status in society.

identity

how one defines oneself.

personality

a persons consistent pattern of behavior, feelings, predispositions,and beliefs.

internalization

behaviors and assumptions learned so thoroughly that people no longer question them, but simply accept them as correct.

self concepts

how we think of ourselves due to the socialization experiences we have over a lifetime.

peers

those with whom you interact on equal terms.

social learning theory

formation of identity is a learned response to social stimuli.

symbolic interaction theory

framework for building theory that assumes society is the product of everyday interactions between people.

self

what we imagine we are.

adult socialization

learned behaviors and attitudes appropriate to specific situations and roles.

anticipatory socialization

learning the expectations of future roles one expects to enter.

age stratification

refers to hierarchical ranking of different age groups in society.

resocialization

process by which social roles are radically altered or replaced.

society

a system of social interaction that includes both culture and social organization.

social interaction

behavior by two or more people that is given meaning by them.

social organization

order established in social groups at any level.

social institution

system of social behavior with a recognized purpose.

mechanical solidarity

individuals play similar roles in the society.

organic solidarity

great variety of roles and unity is based on role differentiation, not similarity.

division of labor

relatedness of tasks that develop in complex societies.

preindustrial society

directly uses, modifies, and/or tills the land as a major means of survival.

foraging (hunting-gathering) societies

enabled by technology to hunt animals and gather vegetation.

pastoral societies

a society whose technology is based on domestication of animals.

horticultural societies

use tools and recultivate the land each year , they tend to establish settlements and villages.

agricultural society

large and complex economic system that is based on large scale farming.

industrial societies

one that uses machines and other advanced technologies to produce and distribute goods and services.

post industrial society

economically dependent upon the production and distribution of services, information, and knowledge.

group

collection of individuals who interact, communicate, share goals, norms and have an awareness of '' we''.

status

established position in a social structure that carries with it a degree of prestige.

status set

complete set of statuses occupied by a person at a given time.

status inconsistency

different statuses occupied by a person with different amounts of prestige and conflicting expectations.

achieved status

attained by virtue of individual effort.

ascribed status

those occupied from the moment a person is born.

master status

dominant,overriding all other features of a persons identity.

role modeling

the process by which we imitate the behavior of another person we admire.

role set

all roles occupied by the person at a given time.

role conflict

two or more roles with contradictory expectations.

role strain

a condition wherein a single role brings conflicting expectations.

proxemic communication

the amount of space between interacting individuals.

ehtnomethodology

technique for studying human interaction by deliberately disturbing norms and observing individuals attempt to restore normalcy.

impression management

process by which people control how others perceive them.

dyad

a group consisting of exactly two people.

triad

a group consisting three people.

triadic segregation

what Simmel called the tendency for triads to pair up and isolate one person.

primary group

a group consisting of intimate face to face interaction and long lasting relationships.

secondary groups

lager less intimate less long lasting groups.

group size effect

the effect of group number on group behavior.

reference groups

those which you may or may not belong but use as a standard for evaluating values, attitudes, and behavior.

attribution theory

principle that states we all make judgments about what people are really like.

attribution error

attributing behavior to membership of a particular group.

social network

links between individuals, between groups, or other social units.

groupthink

tendency for group members to reach consensus opinion even if that decision is wrong.

deindividuation

the sense that ones self has merged with a group.

formal organization

large secondary group, highly organized to accomplish tasks, and achieve goals efficiently.

total institution

organization that is cut off from the rest of society and resident individuals are subject to strict social control.

anomie

condition that exists when social regulations break down.

anomic suicide

disintegrating forces in the society make individuals feel lost or alone.

altruistic suicide

when there is excessive regulation of individuals by social forces.

egoistic suicide

when people feel totally detached from society.

social control theory

functionalist theory suggesting that deviance occurs when a persons or groups attachment to social bonds is weakened.

elite deviance

refers to the wrongdoing of the wealthy and powerful individuals and organizations.

social control agents

those who regulate and administer the response to deviance.

social control

process by which groups and individuals within those groups are brought into conformity with dominant social expectations.

differential association theory

behavior one learns through interaction with others (this includes criminal behavior).

deviant identity

definition a person has of himself or herself as a deviant.

deviant career

movements people make through a particular subculture of deviance.

deviant communities

groups that organize around particular forms of social deviance.

stigma

attributes that are socially devalued and discredited.

crime

a form of deviance specifically behavior that violates particular criminal laws.

criminology

the study of crime from a scientific perspective.

faire le plein de super

Fill it up with gas

On a largement le temps

We have plenty of time.

Verifier d'huile

Check the oil.

Le Pneaus

The tires

C'est toujours la meme chose.

It is always the same thing

L'autoroute

Highway

En tout cas

In any case.

Un panneau

Sign

On a neau creve'

We have a flat tire

Aider

to help

La roue de secours

spare tire.

Boite a outils

Tool box

Le cric

Car jack

Grouille- toi

Get a move on

Ca ne va pas prendre longtemps

it will not take long

Il n'ya pas le feu

Chill out

Du calm!

Calm down

La route pour...

Asking for directions

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