an arrangement in which a purchaser borrows money from a bank or other lender and agrees to pay it back over time.
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
The 32nd president of the United States. He was president from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and WWII. He is the only president to have been elected 4 times, a feat no longer permissible due to the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution.
The name of President Roosevelt's program for getting the United States out of the depression
practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.
Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II.
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
"Lighting Wars" type of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
in World War II, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
a poor densely populated city district occupied by a minority ethnic group linked together by economic hardship and social restrictions
prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.
German concentration camp, Weimer Germany, 56,000 victims, 13,000 transferred, built by prisoners
Nazi extermination camp in Poland, the largest center of mass murder during the Holocaust. Close to a million Jews, Gypsies, Communists, and others were killed there.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Victory in Europe Day
Victory of Japan, September 2, 1945
became 33rd President of the United States on Roosevelt's death in 1945 and was elected President in 1948; authorized the use of atomic bombs against Japan (1884-1972)
Known as "Il Duce" -- the Leader -- Mussolini was the Fascist dictator of Italy during World War II.
Prime minister of Japan during World War II
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Facist German Nazi leader 1933-1945. Strong centralized state. Tried to take over world and responsible for Holocaust
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II