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Mrs.Cho's quiz and test study guide

Trade Unions

an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer

Knights of Labor

an American labor organization founded in 1869 to protect the rights of workers, all men and women allowed

American Federation of Labor (AFL)

Federation of craft labor unions lead by Samuel Gompers that arose out of dissatisfaction with the Knights of Labor

Samuel Gompers

He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor. He provided a stable and unified union for skilled workers. He was tough minded president of a Cigar Making Company.

Homestead Strike

It was one of the most violent strikes in U.S. history. It was against the Homestead Steel Works, which was part of the Carnegie Steel Company, in Pennsylvania in retaliation against wage cuts. The riot was ultimately put down by Pinkerton Police and the state militia, and the violence further damaged the image of unions.

Strikebreakers (Scabs)

workers hired to do the jobs of striking workers until the labor dispute is resolved

Eugene Debs

led the Pullman strike and founded the American Railway Union, was later sent to jail for not stopping

Political Machines

an organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government

Boss Tweed

Head of New York City's powerful Democratic political machine

Spoils System

practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

an 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States

Interstate Commerce Act

a law that made a federal Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate unfair railroad practices

Muckrackers

journalists who wrote about corruption in business and politics in order to bring about reform.

Pure Food and Drug Act

Federal statute that prohibits selling bad food and establishes meat inspection. Leads way for the Food and Drug Administration

Ida Tarbell

A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil.

Jacob Riis

Photographer who exposed slum life by showing pictures

Upton Sinclair

muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.

17th Amendment

Direct election of senators

Child Labor

using children to work in factories and businesses

Jane Addams

the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes

Hull House

Settlement house founded by progressive reformer Jane Adams in Chicago in 18889

Suffragist

person who worked for women's right to vote

19th Amendment

women's right to vote

Susan B. Anthony

Key leader of woman suffrage movement

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

A pioneer in the women's suffrage movement, she helped organize the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. She later helped edit the militant feminist magazine Revolution from 1868 - 1870.

Temperance

restraint or moderation, especially in regards to alcohol or food

18th Amendment

Ban on sale, manufacture, and transport of alcoholic beverages. Repealed by 21st amendment

Thomas Nast

Drew Pictures of corrupt city officer William M. Tweed (aka Boss Tweed)

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