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Anschluss

union of Germany with Austria in 1938

Anti-semitism

anti-Jewish sentiment & discrimination

appeasement

to give in to a hostile power for the sake of peace

Bataan Death March

week long march of American & Pilipino POWs by Japanese through tropical conditions; many died

Battle of Britain

aerial battle between Britain & Germany; important victory for Britain

Battle of Midway

aerial battle that was the turning point of the war in the Pacific

Battle of Stalingrad

turning point of the war in Europe

Beer Hall Putsch

failed coup d'etat by Hitler & the Nazis

blitzkrieg

literally "lightening war"; Nazi military policy of striking fast and taking advantage of the resulting chaos

D-day

June 6, 1944 invasion of Normandy (Northern France)

Der Fürher

title of Hitler; the Leader

einsatzgruppen

literally "strike forces"; special group of the army that rounded up Jews for assassination or to put them in ghettos

fasces

ancient Roman symbol of power and authority; bundle of rods with an axe head sticking out

fascism

a political movement or party that exalts the nation or government over the individual; generally headed by a dictator who forcibly suppresses opposition

Final Solution

Hitler's name for the final solution to the Jewish problem; extermination

genocide

systematic elimination of an entire group of people

Gestapo

Hitler's secret police; special branch of the S.S.

Holocaust

the systematic extermination of the Jews

Il Duce

title of Mussolini; the Leader

Kristallnacht

Night of broken glass; night of unleashed violence against Jews

lebensraum

literally "living space"; Hitler argued that the Aryans needed living space; motivation for territorial aggression

Manchuria

northern province of China rich in natural resources; invaded by Japan in 1931

March on Rome

Mussolini's successful coup d'etat

Mein Kampf

Hitler's book written while in prison

Ministry for Enlightenment

Propaganda ministry for the Third Reich; headed by Goebbels

Munich Pact

negotiated at the Munich conference; high point of appeasement of Hitler by Britain & France; Hitler was given the Sudetenland

Non-aggression Pact

negotiated by Hitler & Stalin; agreed NOT to attack each other, and carved up Poland

NSDAP

the Nazi Party; National Socialist German Worker's Party

Nuremberg Laws

anti-Jewish laws that denied Jews citizenship in Germany

Nuremberg Trials

post war trials of world leaders for crimes against humanity

Pearl Harbor

unprovoked attack by Japan on the U.S. naval base in Hawaii

Phony War

time after declarations of war, but before actual fighting breaks out

Rape of Nanjing

Japanese conquest and subsequent atrocities of the Chinese city of Nanjing

Rhineland

German province that bordered France

S.A.

Brown shirts or storm troopers; Hitler's brute force - becomes the regular army

Squadristi

Black shirts; Mussolini's brute force

S.S.

very elite branch of the S.A.; pure Aryan soldiers

Strength Through Joy

propaganda campaign of the Nazis designed to promote social events & lifestyles of good Aryans

Sudetenland

northern area of Czechoslovakia populated with many Germanic peoples

The Big Lie

technique used by Nazi propagandists; lies were stated with authority & guarded from criticism

Third Reich

The Nazi government or Empire

Unit 731

infamous Japanese army unit that conducted medical experiments on the Chinese

Zyklon B

poisoned gas used to kill Jews at death camps

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