Language of Medicine Chapter 20- Abbreviations

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Chabner's Language of Medicine, 9th edition. Abbreviations for Language of Medicine Chapter 20, 9th edition.

Angio

angiography

Ap

Anteroposterior

BE

Barium enema

C-spine

Cervical spine films

CT

computed tomography

CXR

chest x-ray (film)

Decub

decubitus-lying down

DICOM

Digital Image- Communication in Medicine- Standard protocol for transmission between imaging devices.

DI

Diagnostic imaging

DSA

Digital Subtraction Angiography

ECHO

echocardiography

EUS

Endoscopic ultrasonography

18F-FDG

fluorodeoxyglucose- radiopharmaceutical used in PET scanning

Gd

Gadolinium-MRI contrast agent

123I

isotope of radioactive iodine- used in thyroid scans

131I

isotope of radioactive iodine- used in diagnosis (thyroid scan) and treatment for thyroid cancer

IVP

Intravenous pyelogram

KUB

Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder (series)- x-ray imaging of these organs without contrast medium

LAT

Lateral

LS films

lumbosacral (spine) films

L-spine

Lumbar spine

MR

magnetic resonance, magnetic resonance imaging (1)

MRI

magnetic resonance, magnetic resonance imaging (2)

MRA

Magnetic Resonance Angiography

MRV

Magnetic Resonance Venography

MUGA

Multiple-Gated acquisitions (scan)- radioactive test to show heart function

PA

Posteroanterior

PACS

Picture archival and communications system-replacement of traditional films with digital equivalents that can be accessed from several places and retrieved more rapidly.

PET

Positron emission tomography

PET/CT

positron emission tomography/ computed tomography- both studies are performed using a single machine

RAIU

Radioactive iodine uptake (test)- evaluates the function of the thyroid gland

RFA

Radiofrequency Ablation

SBFT

small bowel follow-through

SPECT

Single Photon Emisssion Computed Tomography- radioactive substances and a computer are used to create 3D images

99mTc

radioactive technetium-used in heart, brain, thyroid, liver, bone, and lung scans

201T1

thallium-201- radioisotope used in scanning heart muscle

T-spine

Thoracic spine

UGI

Upper Gastrointestinal (series)

US

Ultrasound/ultrasonography (1)

U/S

Ultrasound/ultrasonography (2)

V/Q scan

Ventilation-Perfusion scan of the lungs (Q stands for rate of blood flow or blood volume)

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