Chapter 4 The American Revolution

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Bernardo de Galvez

Govener of Spanish Louisiana, he captured key cities form the Brititsh, greatly aiding the American Patriot movement and enabling the Spanish acquisition of Florida.

George Washington

Revolutionary War hero and Patriot leader, he served as a representative to the Continental Congresses, commanded the Continental Army, and was unanimously elected to two terms as a president of the United States.

Marquis de Lafayette

French statesman and officer who viewed the American Revolution as important to the worl, he helped finance the Revolution and served as major general.

Patrick Henry

He said, "Give me liberty or give me death!"

Thomas Jefferson

American statesman, and member of two Continental Congresses, chairman of the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence, the Declaration's main author and one of its singers, and the third president of the United States

Thomas Paine

American political philosopher and author, he urged an immediate declaration of independence from England in his anonymously and simply written pamphlet.

Patriots

colonists who chose to fight for independence from Great Britain.

Minutemen

local militia, who got their name because they were ready to fight at a minute's notice.

Redcoats

they got their name because they were dressed in bright red jackets.

Continental Army

This forve would soon include soldiers from all colonies and would carry out the fight against Britain.

*Common Sense

A 47-page pamphlet that was distributed in Philidelphia in January 1776.

*Declaration of Independence

Formally announced the colonies' break from Great Britain.

Loyalists

Colonists who chose to side with the British.

*Treaty of Paris of 1783

This is when Great Britain recongnized the independence of the United States.

Battle of Bunker Hill

Desperate for supplies, leaders in Boston sent Benedict Arnold and a force of 400 men to New York State. Their objective was to attack the British at Fort Ticonderoga. In May 1775, Arnold captured the forst and its large supply of weapons.

Battle of Concord

with the battle of Lexington ending in minutes the british marched right onto Concord. the citizens of Concord were warned by a rider named Samuel Prescott. For the skilled colonial markesmen of Concord, the British soldiers made an easy target because they wore the British millitary uniform which were bright red jackets.

Battle of Lexington

At around dawn on April 19, the British troops arrived at the town of Lexington where 70 armed minutemen waited. Patriot captain John Parker yelled to his troops, "Don't fire unless fired upon." suddenly a shot rang out, to this day, no one knows who fired this "shot her 'round the world" this battle started the American Revolution.

Battle of Saratoga

According to the plan,Burgoyne's army would invade from canada, recaptured Fory Ticonderoga, and sweep sout to Albany. General Howe, in New York City, would sail up the the Hudson River to meet him, Strangling New England.

Battle of Trenton

On Christmas night, 1776, with a winter storm lashing about them, Washington and 2,400 soldiers silently rowed across the iceclogged Delaware River. As morning broke, the men, short on supplies and many with no shoes, marched through the snow to reach the enemy camp.

Battle of Yorktown

the battle of yorktown was the last major battle of the American Revolution. Regrouped under Nathanael Greene, the Continental Army began harassing British General Chaerles Cornwallis in the Carolinas. Hoping to stay in communication with the British naval fleet, Cornwallis moved his force of 7,200 men to yorktown, virginia. It was a fatal mistake.

First Continental Congress

a gathering of colonial leaders who were deeply troubled about the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies in Amercia.

Second Continental Congress

represented the first attempt at a Republican government in the colonies.

The Ride of Paul Revere

If they advanced across land, Newman would display one lantern from the steeple. If they rowed across the Charles River, Newman would display two lanterns. When Revere and fellow Patriot William Dawes saw two lights shine, they set off on horseback. He warned Concord that the British were coming.

Winter at Valley Forge

to this day, the name of Valley Forge brings to mind suffering-and courage. even though there were no battles there, the only enemy was the brutal winter of 1777-78. the winter was so bad that valley forge had to have its soldiers build crude shelters that offered little protection against the weather.

Who mostly sided with the British?

The Loyalists

What groups were excluded from the Declaration of Independence?

the women were excluded as well as the African Americans.

What is the Declaration of Rights

this is a statement of basic human rights and standards for government that has been agreed to by almost every country in the world.

Describe the three main ideas in the Declaration of Independence.

1. Thomas Jefferson, the document's main author, argued that all people possess unalienable rights, including the rights of, "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
2.Jefferson asserted that King George III had violated the colonists' right tby taxing them without their consent.
3.Jefferson stated that the colonies had the right to break from Britain.

How were the women involved in the Revolutionary war?

While men served as soldiers, many women ran farms and businesses. Others helped the army by raising money for supplies of making clothing. Women served as messengers, nursesm and spies.

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