a condition that results when microorganisms cause injury to a host.
a condition in which microorganinisms are present, but does not manifest any signs or symptoms of infection.
Infection control precautions
physical measures designed to curtain the spread of infectious dieases.
Name 2 types of infection control precautions.
Standard precaution and Transmission-Based Precautions.
Stardards (universal) Precautions
are measures for reducing the risk for microorganism transmission from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection.
When do you follow standard precautions?
whenever there is the potential for contact with the following: blood, all body fluids, except sweat, nonintact skin, mucous membranes
measure for controlling the spread of infection with highly transmissible or epidemiologically important pathogens, also called isolation precautions.
Three types of transmission based precautions.
Airborned, droplet precautions and contact precautions.
are measure that reduce the risk for transmitting airborne infectious agents. The block pathogen 5 microns or smaller that are present in droplet that remain in the air.
measures that block pathogens within moist droplets larger than 5 microns. thery are used to reduce pathogens transmission from close contact ( usually 3 feet or lest) between and infected person or a person who is a carrier of a droplet-spread microorganism and others
measures used to block the transmission of pathogens by direct or indeirec contact
Infection control Measures
involves the use of personal protective equipment, garments that block the transfer of pathogen form one perso, place, or object to oneself or others
When removing personal protective equipment
the nurse should remove the most contaminated item first.
is the most important nursing action that be perform before leaving the client's room and before touching another client, personnel, environmental surgace or clients's items?
an infection acquired during hospitalization.
Saftey and Health hazards
OSHA was created to regulate and enforce
a transmission mechanism in which the infectious agent is transferred directly into the body via touching or biting or kissing or sexual intercourse or by droplets entering the eye or nose or mouth
a transmission mechanism in which the infectious agent is transferred to the person by a fomite of vector