AP Gov Ch. 13 Vocab

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cabinet

A group of presidential advisors not mentioned in the Constitution, although every president has had one. Today it is composed of 13 secretaries and the attorney general

legislative veto

The ability of Congress to override a presidential decision. Although the War Powers Resolution asserts this authority, there is reason to believe that, if challenged, the Supreme Court would find it in violation of the doctrine of separation of powers.

presidential approval

An evaluation of the president based on many factors, but especially on the predisposition of many people to support the president. One measure is provided by the Gallup Poll.

impeachment

The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution. The House of Representatives do this by a majority vote for "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."

Twenty-second amendment

Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.

Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

An office that grew out of the Bureau of the Budget, created in 1921, consisting of a handful of political appointees and hundreds of skilled professionals. It performs both managerial and budgetary functions.

War Powers Resolution

A law passed in 1973 in reaction to American fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia that requires presidents to consult with Congress whenever possible prior to using military force and to withdraw forces after 60 days unless Congress declares war or grants an extension. Presidents view the resolution as unconstitutional.

Press secretary

The person on the White House staff who most often deals directly with the press, serving as a conduit of information.

Twenty-fifth amendment

Passed in 1951, this amendment permits the vice president to become acting president's cabinet determine that the president is disabled. The amendment also outlines how a recuperated president can reclaim the job.

Council of Economic Advisors (CEA)

A three-member body appointed by the president to advise the president on economic policy.

presidential coattails

The situation occurring when voters cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president's party because they support the president.

National Security Council

An office created in 1947 to coordinate the president's foreign and military policy advisers. Its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president's national security assistant.

pocket veto

A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.

Watergate

The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.

veto

The constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for rejecting it. A two-thirds vote in each house can override it.

crisis

a sudden, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous event requiring the president to play the role of crisis manager

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