Born in 570, orphaned early in age,raised by uncle.
Grew up in poverty, at age 40 marries Kadija.
610-visited Cage of Hira, Angel Gabriel comes
622- flees for safety in medina, gains political+religious power
632-visits punt of mercy and later dies
the four "rightly guided caliphs"
Abu Bakr: Muhammad's best friend, w/him on hirah
opposed groups about who should rule arabia
sunni: anyone could b a caliph
shi-a: only a descendent of a prophet (tribes of islam) could be a caliph
a shrine in mecca believed to have been built by abraham with the help of angel gabriel/allah
family that came to power by hereditary, surrounded themselves by wealth, moved capitol to damascus
Devoted their energy to trade, scholorship, and the arts. Dynasty that succeeded the Umayyads 750 C.E.
the 5 pillars of faith
shahada: declaration of faith
zakat: alms giving
sawm: fasting during ramadan
hajj: pilgrimage to mecca
steps of the hajj
1. circle ka'aba
2. running between hills (sa'i)
3. valley of mina
4. Mount of mercy
5. stoning satan
6. circle ka'aba (tawaf)
what are the characteristics of pre-islamic arabia that helped lead to rise of islam
silk rd shifted to medina+mecca-> new wealth->corruption of society, something to unite the people and for people to believe in was necessary, a religion was perfect. Judaism and christianity were the primary languages, b/c islam is very similar it made the change even easier
top 5 religions
Christianity 2 Billion
Islam 1.2 Billion
Hinduism 785 Million
Buddhism 360 Million
Judaism 17 Million
how does muhammad compare to others in the 100?
most were raised in center of civilization, highly cultures areas with more opportunity/education
630: mecca (muhammad)
642: egypt/ baisentine empire/persia
711: all of north africa
muhammad vs. jesus
muhammad was entirely responsible for creation of islam (came up with moral+ethnic principles, established practices). Jesus is the base of christianity, and a lot of what he did has to do with moral/ethnic practices but saint paul came up with most theological things