Chapter 6 - Structure of Bones

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long, short, irregular, flat - 2 not primary and examples of each

ong, short, flat, irregular

4 principle types of bone based on shape?

long bone

What type of bone is greater in length than width - consists of 1 shaft (main, cylindrical, central portion) and 2 extremities on each end (top, bottom)?

long bone

Clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna, femur, tibia, metacarpals, metatarsals, phalanges = example of this kind of bone

short bone

What type of bone is cube shaped ( EQUAL in length and width) ?

short bone

Carpals, tarsals = examples of this type of bone?

flat bone

What type of bone is thin and composed of 2 parallel plates of compact bone w/ layer of spongy bone in between (Provide a lot of protection - large are for muscle attachment)?

flat bone

Occipital, parietal, frontal, nasal, lacrimal, vomer, scapula, sternum, ribs, os coxae = examples of this type of bone?

irregular bone

What type of bone has complex shapes which cannot be place in any of the previous 3 groups (vary in amount of spongy and compact bone)?

irregular bone

Vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx, temporal, sphenoid, ethmoid, maxilla, mandible, palatine bones = examples of this type of bone?

Sutural and sesamoid bones

What are the 2 other types (not primary) of bone based on LOCATION and vary in #'s?

Sutural bones

What other types of bones are (wormian) small bones b/w joints of certain cranial bones?

Sesamoid bones

What other types of bones are small bones wrapped in tendons (patellas)?

shape

Primary bones are sorted according to _____

location, numbers

The two other types of bone (not primary) are sorted according to ______ and vary in ___

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