The process through which a culture is modified by borrowing elements/traits or complexes from another group.
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
The material manifestations of culture, including tools, housing, systems of land use, clothing, etc.
A monotheistic religion founded in the 19th century as a development of Babism, emphasizing the essential oneness of humankind and of all religions and seeking world peace
a world religion or philosophy based on the teaching of the Buddha and holding that a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desire
A philosophy based on the ideas of Confucius that focuses on morality, family order, social harmony, and government
a language that began as a pidgin language but was later adopted as the mother tongue by a people in a place of the mother tongue
the study of cultural products and norms and their variations across and relations to spaces and places
the way a group of people or animals within a society or culture tend to learn and pass on new information
is the combination of several traits, which are characteristic to that particular group
philosophical system developed by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
Created in India, one billon followers, heaven isn't always the ultimate goal in life. Third largest behind Christianity and Islam
An outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters
Indo-European language family
language family including he Germanic and Romance languages that is spoken by about 50% if the world's population
Durkheim's sacred and profane
central characteristics of religion. Sacred-interests of the group, profane-interests of the individual
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
divisions within a language family where the commonalities are more definite and the origin is more recent
applying to a tongue spoken in ancient Mediterranean ports that consisted of a mixture of Italian, French, Greek, Spanish and even some Arabic; "common language": trade language
The physical manifestations of human activities; includes tools, campsites, art, and structures. The most durable aspects of culture
when an innovation originates somewhere and enjoys strong-but brief-adoption, loses strength at origin by the time it reaches another area
in multilingual countries, the language selected, often by the educated and politically powerful elite, to promote internal cohesion; usually the language of the courts and governments
separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches
a particular religious group, usually associated with differing Protestant belief systems
The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another.
the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy
Form of a tribal religion that involved community acceptance of a shaman, a religious leader, healer, and worker of magic who, through special powers, can intercede with and interpret the spirit world.
is a religion that began in sixteenth century in Northern India. The principal belief in Sikhism is faith in Vāhigurū.
Special forms of ethnic religions distinguished by their small size, their unique identity with localized culture groups not yet fully absorbed into modern society, and their close ties to nature
cultural borrowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact