Ch 6 Muscles Overview

20 terms by eagleswings59 Plus

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Marieb

muscle fibers

the long, slender cells that make up muscles

striated muscle

a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeleton

voluntary muscle

a muscle that is under conscious control

perimysium

Connective tissue surrounding a fascicle

fasicle

A discrete bundle of muscle cells

endomysium

Connective tissue surrounding a muscle fiber

tendons

tissue that connects muscle to bone

aponeuroses

broad, fibrous sheets of connective tissue

smooth muscle

a muscle that contracts without conscious control and found in walls of internal organs such as stomach and intestine and bladder and blood vessels (excluding the heart)

cardiac muscle

the muscle tissue of the heart

muscular system

enables movement of the body and internal organs

sarcolemma

an extensible membrane enclosing the contractile substance of a muscle fiber

myofibrils

Micorsopic, fiber-like structures that occupy most cytoplasm in skeletal muscle cells

light bands

only actin

dark bands

both actin and myosin

sarcomere

The smallest functional unit of muscle tissue

mysoin

AKA thick filaments, A Protein that makes up nearly half of the proteins in muscle cells

actin

AKA thin filaments, A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist helically about each other, forming microfilaments in muscle and other contractile elements in cells.

cross bridges

are formed when tail of myosin molecule, which consists of 2 intertwined helical polypeptide heavy chains, contract and link the thick and thin filaments together; the gobular heads, are business end of myosin;

sarcoplasmic reticulum

corresponds to endoplasmic reticulum, network of membranous channels that surround each myofibril and runs parallel to it

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