Genetics and cell division

Created by jayde19 

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Vocab

Binary fission

Prokaryotic cell division goes under an entirely different name

Cell cycle

The repeating pattern of growth genetic duplication and division seen in most cells

Centrosome

A cellular structure that acts as an organizing center for the assembly of microtubles

Chromatid

One of the 2 identical strands of chromatin that
Make up a chromosome in its duplicated state

Chromatin

A molecular complex composed of DNA and associated proteins that makes up the chromosomes of eukaryotic organisms

Chromosome

The DNA in each cell comes divided and package into individual units of DNA * different organisms have different numbers of chromosomes human cells have 46

Cytokinesis

The physical separation of one cell into 2 daughter cells

Enzyme

The chemically active proteins that speed up or in practical terms enable chemical reactions in living things

Genetics

The study of physical inheritance among living things it concerns the storage duplication and transfer of information

Genome

The complete collection of that organisms genetic information.

Genes

This information exists in units called.. That lie along DNAs famous double helix

Homologous Chromosomes

23 pairs homologous here meaning the same in size and function homologous chromosomes are not exactly alike

Interphase

That portion of the cell cycle in which the cell stimultaneously carries out its work and in preparation for division duplicates its chromosomes

Karyotype

A pictorial arrangement of a complete set of human chromosomes

Metaphase plate

Is not a structure but instead is a plane located midway between the poles of a dividing cell

Microtuble

Protein fibers that are part of the cells cytoskeleton or internal fiber network

Mitosis

The separation of a cells duplicated chromosomes prior to cytokinesis

Mitotic phase

That portion of the cell cycle that includes both mitosis and cytokinesis

Mitotic spindle

Microtubles active in cell division

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