Chapter 12 + 13

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instinct

After spending years in the ocean, a mature salmon swims up its home river to return to its birthplace. This behavior is an example of:

food deprivation; hunger

Need is to drive as ________ is to _______.

the stomach

Insulin is to the pancreas as ghrelin is to:

lateral hypothalamus

A starving rat will lose all interest in food if its ________ is destroyed.

decreases; increases

The secretion of leptin _________ hunger and the secretion of orexin ________ hunger.

bulimia nervosa.

In an attempt to lose some of the weight she has gained from binge eating, Melissa tries to compensate by using laxatives and exercising until she is exhausted. Melissa most clearly demonstrates symptoms of:

cultural ideals of beauty that increasingly encourage thinness.

Over the past 50 years, the incidence of anorexia nervosa has steadily increased. This is most clearly attributable to:

the resolution phase

During which phase of the sexual response cycle does the refractory period begin?

testosterone; lowered

The removal of a woman's ovaries may contribute to decreasing sexual interest because her natural ________ level is _______.

less likely than other adolescents to use contraceptives if they did have intercourse before marriage.

A Columbia University study found that teens who took vows pledging virginity until marriage were subsequently:

maternal immune responses.

The fraternal birth order effect has been explained in terms of:

sexual orientation

The fraternal birth order effect refers to a factor associated with:

the experience of flow.

Work is most likely to satisfy the higher-level needs in Maslow's hierarchy if it is associated with:

better; worse

Evaluations of job applicants based on informal interviews are ________ predictors of future job performance than handwriting analysis and ________ predictors than aptitude tests.

Theory X managers

A tendency to assume that employees view work as a job rather than a calling is most characteristic of:

maintain homeostasis

By motivating us to satisfy our physical needs, hunger and thirst serve to:

Maslow

Who emphasized that people whose needs for safety are unmet will not be preoccupied with satisfying their needs for love?

hypothalamus

Orexin is an appetite hormone secreted by the:

ventromedial hypothalamus; overeat

Destruction of the ________ causes an animal to ________.

hunger

The concept of a set point is relevant to understanding the experience of:

anorexia nervosa

Lindsey is extremely afraid of becoming obese even though she is underweight. She often checks her body in the mirror for any signs of fat and refuses to eat most foods because she insists they are fatty or high in calories. Lindsey most clearly demonstrates symptoms of:

alcoholism and depression.

Bulimia patients are most likely to come from families with an unusually high incidence of:

his leading questions may have encouraged false participant responses.

The accuracy of Alfred Kinsey's survey findings regarding American sexual practices in the 1940s is highly questionable because:

nocturnal emissions are more likely when orgasm has not occurred recently.

Sleep researchers have discovered that:

higher; lower

Compared to sexual intercourse rates among teens in North America, the rates among teens are ________ in Western Europe and ________ in Asia.

erotic plasticity

Regardless of their sexual orientation, women are more likely than men to be aroused by both male and female sexual images. This best illustrates gender differences in:

Men who report a change from a homosexual to a heterosexual orientation typically achieve an exclusively opposite-sex attraction.

Which of the following is not true with respect to sexual orientation?

industrial-organizational psychology

Personnel psychology is one of the main subfields of:

give employees positive reinforcement when they perform well

Compared to ineffective managers, those who are effective are more likely to:

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