CJQ102 Final Quiz Study Guide

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Study guide for final quiz for Lincoln College students of Criminal Justice course.

Rationality

Activities identified by their impersonal, methodical, efficient, and logical components.

Larceny-theft

The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession, or constructive possession, of another.

Burglary

The unlawful entry into a structure to commit a felony or a theft.

Arson

Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc."

White-collar crimes

Crimes committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation.

Kickback

The return of money from seller to buyer as a result of a collusive agreement.

Tax evasion

Fraud committed by filing false tax returns or not filing tax returns at all.

Embezzlement

The unlawful misappropriation for personal use of money, property, or other thing of value entrusted to the offender's care, custody, or control.

Wire fraud

The use of an electric or electronic communications facility to intentionally transmit a false and/or deceptive message in furtherance of a fraudulent activity.

Occupational crime

Any act punishable by law that is committed through opportunity created in the course of an occupation which is legal.

Corporate crime

A violation of a criminal statute either by a corporate entity or by its executives, employees, or agents acting on behalf of and for the benefit of the corporation, partnership, or other form of business entity.

Ethnic succession

The continuing process whereby one immigrant or ethnic group succeeds another through assumption of a particular position in society.

Transnational organized crime

Unlawful activity undertaken and supported by organized criminal groups operating across national boundaries.

Dangerous drugs

Broad categories or classes of controlled substances other than cocaine, opiates, and cannabis products.

Designer drugs

New substances designed by slightly altering the chemical makeup of other illegal or tightly controlled drugs.

Drug trafficking

Manufacturing, distributing, dispensing, importing, and exporting a controlled substance or a counterfeit substance.

Drug-defined crimes

Violations of laws prohibiting or regulating the possession, use, or distribution of illegal drugs.

Drug-related crimes

Crimes in which drugs contribute to the offense.

Interdiction

International drug-control policy that aims to stop drugs from entering the country illegally.

Decriminalization

Policy reducing criminal penalties associated with the personal possession of a controlled substance.

Legalization

Eliminates the laws and associated criminal penalties that prohibit the production, sale, distribution, and possession of a controlled substance.

Ethical reform

Working to establish stronger and more persuasive codes of business ethics.

Structural reform

Basic changes in corporate structure to make white-collar crime more difficult to commit.

Political reform

Centers on eliminating campaign contributions from corporations and businesses while increasing the level of fairness in determining government grants, purchases, and contracts.

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