Gifts of the Nile

Fertile Soil from Flooding, Water for Irrigation, Food, Papyrus, etc.

Location

Northeastern Africa

circa 3000 B.C.

Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by King Menes

circa 5000 B.C.

Settlement along the Nile

Three

Number of eras of Egyptian history

Old Kingdom

First of the eras of Egyptian history

Middle Kingdom

Era between the Old and the New Kingdoms

New Kingdom

Last of the eras of Egyptian history

King Narmer

King Menes' other name

Rosetta Stone

Stone that contained carved messages in hieroglyphics, Greek and demotic. Led to translation of ancient hieroglyphics.

Ramses

The Great Pharaoh; ruled for 67 years

Tutankhamun

Unimportant, but useful, Pharaoh

King Tut

Tutankhamun's nickname

Hatshepsut

First female pharaoh

Alexander

Greek conquerer of Egypt (circa 300 B.C.)

Ptolemy

Alexander's general who made himself pharaoh, and started Ptolemaic Dynasty

31 B.C.

Rome conquers Egypt

Pyramids

Architectural structures built during Old Kingdom

Sphinx

Large stone statue with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh, located at Giza

Mummification

Preservation of body for the afterlife

Polytheistic

Religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians

Monotheism

One-godded religion started by Pharaoh Akhenaton during New Kingdom

Papyrus

First paper used for writing

Peasants

Builders of pyramids (not slaves)

Achievements

Calendar, architecture, medicine, geometry, writing, etc.

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