The Judicial Branch Key Terms

25 terms by Meg_leigh19

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Surround

To be all around

Incident

An event or occurrence

Contract

A written or spoken agreement

Neutral

Not helping or supporting either of two sides

Juvenile

A young person

Framework

An essential supporting structure of a building, vehicle, or object.

Impartial

Treating all rivals or disputants equally; fair and just.

Clarify

Make(a statement or situation) less confused and more clearly comprehensible.

Declare

Say something in a solemn and emphatic manner

Focus

The center of interest or activity

Summarize

Give a brief statement of the main points of something

Dissenting

Hold or express opinions that are at variance with those previously, commonly, or officially expressed.

Plaintiff

An individual or a group of people who bring a complaint against another party in a civil case.

Defendant

The party who answers a complaint and defends against it in a court case.

Prosecution

A government body that brings a charge against a defendant who is accused of breaking one of its laws

Precedant

A guideline for how similar cases should be decided in the future.

Original Jurisdiction

A courts authority to hear a case first

Appeal

To ask a higher court to review a decision and determine whether justice was done

Apellate Jurisdiction

A courts authority to hear an appeal of a decision by another court.

Courts of appeals

Courts that handle appeals from lower federal district courts.

Circuit courts

another name for the courts of appeals

Judicial Review

The supreme courts power to overturn any law that it decides is in conflict with the constitution

Opinion

A written statement by a court explaining the reasons for a decision

Judicial Activism

An effort by judges to take an active role in policy making by overturning laws relatively often.

Judicial Restraint

An effort by judges to avoid overturning laws and to leave policy making up to the other two branches of government.

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