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at ovulation, what happens to faciliatate sperm migration through the cervix

mucous is more acidic and more hydrated

edema of the endometrial and mammary stromas is caused by what

progesterone

in vaginal epithelium, the amount of glycogen and the rate of sloughin are dependant on estrogen--when would glycogen levels likely be highest and why is this important?

during ovulation, facilitation of sperm activity

during the normal ovualtion cycle, estrogen produces the ___ phase in the endometrium

proliferation

during the normal ovualtion cycle, estrogen produces ciliogenesis in the

oviduct cells

during the normal ovualtion cycle, estrogen produces an increase in the secretion of ___ by adenohypophysis

LH

the secondary oocyte is ovulate. how much DNA does it have

2N

what is the strucute of the primordial follicle

primary oocytes that have acquired a single layer of flat surrouding cells (granulosa)

the interstitial cells of the ovarian stroma secrete___. what is the likely product

estrogen, development of secondary sex characteristics at puberty

in the formation of estrogen in the ovary, ____ stimulates the ___cells to synthesize androgens from cholesterol

LH, theca interna

in menses, the ____ layer of endometrium sloughs off when concentration of ___ falls below critical levels

functional, progesterone

the ovarian hair cells secrete

androgen

how does the cervical mucous secreted at mid cycle differ from that secreted during the rest of the cycles

increased volume, more hydrated

from what tissue does the ovarian theca folliculi develop

theca interna

what hormone event stimulates the menstrual phase of the endometrium

decreased progesterone

in the ovarian hair follicule, FSH stimulates the ___cells to make estrogen from androgens

granulosa

which is true about the secretory phase of the endometrium

uterine glands become highly coiled, stroma becomes edematous, spiral arteries become highly coiled

what is part of the secondary ovarian follicle

granulosa

what is the significance of glycogen in the vaginal epithelium

make the environment more acidic for the sperm, to be released into the lumen when cells are sloughed off

the stroma of both the mammary glands and the endometrium become edematous in response to?

progesterone

why do leiomyomas regress after menopause

they are hormone dependant

consider the ovarian folicle, what hormone stimulates the granulosa cells in the follicular phase

FSH

consider the ovarian folicle, what do the granulosa cells do in response to FSH stimulation

make estrogen from androgens

in pregnancy, what hormone stimulates the secretion of progesterone by the corpus luteum

LH

what stimulates the LH surge

increased levels of estrogen for 36 hours

which portion of the endometrium is shed in menses

functional layer

in menses, the __ layer of the endometrium is not sloughed

basal

consider the post-pubescent female. give the effects of progesterone on the mammary gland

edema of the stroma, increase in stroma

consider the post-pubescent female. give the effects of estrogen on the adenoyhypophysis

increased LH, decreased FSH, move fimbrae closer to ovary

consider the post-pubescent female. give the effects of estrogen on the vaginal mucosa

increase glycogen, sloughing of epithelium

consider the post-pubescent female. give the effects of estrogen on the oviduct

ciliogenesis increase in secretion

consider the post-pubescent female. give the effects of progesterone on the endometrium

edema of stroma

consider the effects of estrogen. in the uterus it stimulates the ___ phase of endometrium

proliferation

consider the effects of estrogen. in the mammary gland it causes

increase mitosis of the tubular ducts

consider the effects of estrogen. in the adenohypophysis it causes

stimulates the LH and inhibits the FSH

vaginal glycogen comes form ____ cells and is produces in response to ___

epithelial lining, estrogen

the synthesis of the milk begins 1-2 days after delivery. why

increased estrogen and progesterone levels inhibit prolactin

what is the source of sexually stimulated vaginal lube

transudate from vascular plexus deep in the epithelium of vagina

ovarian hair cells secrete

androgens

what hormone stimulates the secretory phase of endometrium

progesterone

give the effects of estrogen on the oviduct epithelium

ciliogenesis increase in secretion

give the effects of estrogen on the vaginal epithelium

increase in glycogen production

give the effects of estrogen on the mamary gland

mitosis of ducts

synthesis and secretion of milk is stimulated by

prolactin

what hormone dependant bening tumor formed of smooth muscle, is commonly found in the uterus

leiomyoma

in the ovarian follicle, FSH stimulates the ____ cel to form estrogen from androgens

granulosa

consider the formation of estrogen; role of LH

stimulates theca interna to make androgen from cholesterol

consider the formation of estrogen; role of FSH

stimulates granulosa to make estrongen from androgen

ovarian hair cells secrete

androgen

what hormone stimulates the secretory phase of endometrium

progesterone

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