(Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan
important religious center and a trading center (Muhammad was born)
A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews.
the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
Jewish New Year
Jewish Day of Atonement- fasting and reflecting on one's sins
a Christian holiday celebrating the birth of Christ
a Christian celebration of the Resurrection of Christ
what remains of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem (the foundation)
Where jesus was said to be crucified
Dome of the Rock
a shrine in Jerusalem at the site from which muhammad ascended through the seven heavens to the throne of God
World War one
The first world war. A global military conflict which involved the majority of the world's greatest powers.
a secret agreement between the governments of the UK and France, with the assent of Imperial Russia, defining their respective spheres of influence and control in west Asia after the expected downfall of the Ottoman Empire during World War I.
The letter stated that the British government "view[ed] with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object."
Six Day War
tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967
May 14, 1948
The day Israel proclaimed itself an independent jewish state
a triangular peninsula in Egypt. It lies between the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the south, forming a land bridge between Africa and Southwest Asia. Its area is about 60,000 km². The Egyptians call it the "Land of Fayrouz."
1979 Islamic Revolution
iran overthrew shah, and became a theocracy. led by the Aytollah Khomeni. was the end of good relationships between the US and Iran