leader of the Myrmidon contingent
beloved companion of Achilles
King of Mycenae. Son of Atreus. Brother of Menelaus. Commander-in-chief of the Achaean forces.
shrewd counselor and skilled diplomat
When he and Little Ajax are grouped together, they are called the Aeantes.
the oldest of the Achaean kings. Counselor to Agamemnon
husband of Helen.
has his aristeia in Book 5
old mentor of Achilles
most skilled of the Achaean archers
He is a great prophet
captive woman in the Achaean camp
Daughter of Chryses
Prince of Troy, greatest of Trojan Warriors, slays Patroclus, is killed by Achilles
Leader of those Trojans called Dardanians. A great Trojan champion, he is watched over by the gods to ensure that he survives. He is destined to be the ruler of the Trojans who survive the war
King of Troy. Father of Hector, Paris, and many other Trojan heroes. An old man with no appetite for war
Daughter of Zeus. Wife of Menelaus, consort of Paris. Her abduction is the cause of the civil war
also called Alexander, prince of Troy, son of Priam, Husband of Helen. He chooses Aphrodite in the beauty contest, which wins him Helen. Has little stomach for battle
Wife of Hector. Predicts that her husband will die at Achilles' hands.
Queen of Troy, daughter of Dymas, Wife of Priam, Mother of Hector
one of the commanders of the Lycians. Son of Zeus. One of the greatest men among the Trojan allies, killed by Patroclus
one of the commanders of the Lycians. Son of Hippolochus. A good friend of Sarpedon. He and Diomedes realize that their grandfathers were friends and vow not to fight each other.
Son of Panthous. Commander of a Trojan contingent. A great counselor, gives Hector much advice throughout the book, although he doesn't always follow it, which eventually leads to Hector's death
son of Panthous and Phrontis. He wounds Patroclus after Apollo stunned, stripped and disarmed Patroclus. Euphorbus is then killed by Menelaus
Son of Antenor. He faces Achilles, and buys his people enough time to withdraw behind the city walls. His life is spared thanks to Apollo
priest of Apollo, father of Chryseis
king of the gods, brother and husband of Hera. Father of the Olympian gods. Governor of the universe, deciding destinies of men, but must also follow fate
Queen of the Gods. Sister and Wife of Zeus. Jealous, scheming, powerful. Hates the Trojans, and can outwit Zeus
AKA Pallas Athena. Daughter of Zeus. Goddess of war, wisdom, and crafts. Supports the Greeks, and hates Trojans
Daughter of Nereus, mother of Achilles. Calls on Zeus and Hephaestus for favors
Son of Zeus and Leto. God of light, sun, truth, prophecy, medicine, healing, plague, music, poetry, arts, archery and more. A great champion of the Trojans. foils Achilles
Daughter of Zeus and Leto. Goddess of Archery and the hunt, favors the Trojans but not like her brother (Apollo)
Earthshaker. Lord of the Sea. Brother of Hera, Hades, and Zeus. Hates the Trojans and sides with the Achaeans
Daughter of Zeus and Dione. Mother of Aeneas. Goddess of Love. Also known as the coward goddess. Fights on the side of Troy. She is little help on the battlefield.
Son of Zeus and Hera. Crippled smith of the gods, lord of the forge and fire. Makes Achilles' new armor for him.
son of Zeus and Hera, bloodthirsty god of war. Protector of the Trojans
Consort of Zeus. Mother of Artemis and Apollo. She sides with the Trojans because of her children
Son of Zeus. Messenger/Guide. Helps Priam into the Achaean camp in Book 24
swift goddess messenger of Zeus
wife of Tithonus. Goddess of the morning. Mentioned every time a new day begins in the Iliad.
Sleep personified. He helps Hera put Zeus out of action, so that Poseidon can help the Achaeans.
Night personified. More a force of the cosmos than a personality, even Zeus is wary of angering her.
Panic, Rout, Rumor, Hate
Homer personifies these forces as deities, although they have no real personalities beyond the forces they represent. Personifying them is mainly a poetic device, and they are constantly present on the battlefield.
the river god, also called Scamander. He nearly drowns Achilles in book 21, but withdraws when Hephaestus sends fire to combat his water
centaur. Wise and gentle, a friend of Achilles back home. Important mentor to young Achilles, and Achilles gets his spear from him
the North and West wind