Civil War

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The supreme test of American democracy was

The Civil War

The South's victory at Bull Run in 1861

reduced enlistments in the South's army

In the Civil War, the South won the battle of

Bull Run

At the beginning of the Civil War, President Lincoln favored

quick military action to show the folly of secession.

The final Union war strategy did not include this

guerrilla warfare

After assuming command of the Army of the Potomac, General McClellan made the mistake of

consistently believing that the enemy outnumbered him.

After the Peninsula Campaign, Union strategy did not include this

bypassing the Confederate capital at Richmond.

General George McClellan is best described as

cautious

The Confederate blockade runner, the Merrimack, was

destroyed by Confederate soldiers.

Lincoln hoped that a Union victory at Bull Run would

lead to the capture of the Confederate capital at Richmond.

Britain did not protest too loudly against the Union naval blockade of the Confederacy because

Britain might want to use a similar blockade in a future war.

The two major battles of the Civil War fought on Union soil were

Gettysburg and Antietam

As a result of the confederate victory in the Peninsula Campaign

the Union turned to a strategy of total war.

After halting Lee's troops at Antietam, General McClellan

marched his army toward Atlanta

One of the key developments enabling the Union to stop the confederate thrust into the North at

the Union's discovery of Robert E. Lee's battle plans.

General Grant's basic strategy in the Civil War involved

assailing the enemy's armies simultaneously.

The Union's defeat in battle at Bull Run in 1861 was better than a victory because

the defeat caused Northerners to face up to the reality of a long, difficult war.

In 1864 election, the Democratic party nominated who to oppose Lincoln's reelection.

George McClellan

As a result of the union loss in the Peninsula Campaign

Lincoln began to draft the Emancipation Proclamation.

The Battle of Antietam was particularly crucial because it

probably prevented intervention by Britain and France on behalf of the Confederacy.

Slavery was legally abolished in the United States by the

Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution

The Emancipation Proclamation had the effect of

strengthening the moral cause and diplomatic position of the Union.

In the election of 1864, the Republicans joined with the Democrats and founded which party

Union

When it was issued in 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation declared free only those slaved in

states still in rebellion against the United States

Robert Lee decided to invade the North through Pennsylvania in order to

deliver a decisive blow that would strengthen the Northern peace movement.

What did not occur as a result of the Emancipation Proclamation

the disappearance of European working-class support for the Union.

During the Civil War

blacks were enlisted by the Union army only after the Emancipation Proclamation was issued.

The most alarming Confederate threat to the Union blockade came from

the ironclade Merrimack

African-Americans who fought for the Union Army in the Civil War

served bravely and suffered extremely heavy casualties.

The Confederacy enlisted slaves into their army

a month before the war ended

In the 1864 election, Lincoln ran on what ticket?

union

The Union victory at Vicksburg was of major importance because

reopened the Mississippi river to Northern trade, help for the Confederacy was lost, and it helped to quell Northern peace agitation.

One consequence of General Sherman's style of warfare was

a shorter war that saved lives

The North's victory at Antietam allowed Lincoln to

issue the Emancipation Proclamation

Clement Vallandigham, a Southern sympathizer and vocal opponent of the war was labeled as

Copperhead

The Civil War resulted in what?

expanded federal powers of taxation, increased influence for the federal courts, and the creation of the first federal social welfare agency.

The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because

it was decided so quickly.

The group in the North most dangerous to the Union cause was the

Northern Peace Democrats

The Union army's victory in the capture of what was probably critical to Lincoln's reelection in 1864

Atlanta

The assassination of Lincoln

was a calamity for the South

Among the casualties of the Civil war were both

black slavery, and extreme states' rights.

Lincoln's victory in the election of 1864 was aided by

Union military victories and backing from Union Soldiers.

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