Cell Growth

Created by Punkin627 

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Cell division

process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells

mitosis

part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides

cytokinesis

division oif cytoplasm during cell division

chromosomes

pass on genetic information, (DNA), to next generation; also carries proteins

chromatids

two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome

centromeres

area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached

interphase

period of cell cycle between cell divisions

cell cycle

series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide

M, G1, S, G2

4 phases

prophase

1st and longest phase of mitosis during which chromosomes become cisible and the cetnrioles separate and take up positions on the opposite side of the nucleus

centrioles

tiny structures located in cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope: pull chromosomes apart

spindle

fanilike microtubule structure taht helps separate the chromosomes during mitosis

metaphase

2nd phase of mitosis, during which the chromosoems line up across the center of the cell

anaphase

3rd phase: chromosome pairs separate and move towards opposite poles

telophase

4th phase: chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material

cytokinesis

occurs at the same time as telophase; cell plate develops gradually in plant cells

diploid

organsims with two sets of chromosomes; a cell with a set of homologous chromosomes

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