Histology part 3 123456789

Created by mrsquintyeyes 

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23 terms

Osseous tissue

Scientific name for bone tissue

Spongy bone

Type of bone that fills the head of long bones

Compact bone

Type of bone that forms the external surfaces of all bones

Haversian (central) canal

cylindrical arrangements of compact bone

Lamellae

Layers surrounding haversian canal and surrounding lamellae

Osteon

Collective name of haversian canal and surrounding lamellae

Osteocytes

Mature bone cells

Canaliculi

Delicate canals radiating from each lacuna which allow osteons to communicate

Periosteum

Tough fibrous covering on all bone

Erythrocyte

Scientific name for red blood cell

Leukocyte

Scientific name for white blood cell

Neurons

Scientific name for nerve cell

Neuroglia

Cell that protects and assists neurons

Soma

Cell body of a neuron

Dendrites

Short branched process that extends from soma and carries impulses away from the soma

Axon (nerve fiber)

Long process extending from soma that carries impulses away from the soma

Muscular tissue

Tissue type that responds to stimulation by contraction

Skeletal muscle

Muscle type that is usually attached to bone and consists of long, cylindrical fibers

Striations

Caused by overlapping filaments, it gives muscle a banded appearance

Cardiac muscle

Muscle type found in the heart

Intercalated discs

Junctions connecting cardiac myocytes

Smooth muscle

Muscle type that lacks striations and is involuntary

Tight junction

Cellular junction that binds neighboring cells firmly and makes them water tight

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