Second Continental Congress
This group convened one month after Lexington and Concord, and all colonies were represented. They hoped to continue fighting to get the king to listen to their grievances.
The man selected by the Second Continental Congress to lead the Revolutionary army. He was not a true military genius, but was a symbol or pride, justice, and courage, and overall a great moral force for his men.
He led a small American force with Benedict Arnold to Ticonderoga and Crown Point where they captured British garrisons.
The colonists seized this, but were attacked by 3,000 Brits. The colonists fought them off until they ran out of gunpowder, then they abandoned the hill.
Olive Branch Petition
The Continental Congress adopted this to state their loyalty to the crown and beg the king to prevent any more hostility.
He led a small army with Ethan Allen to Ticonderoga and Crown Point where they captured British garrisons. He also met up with Montgomery in Quebec, but they lost.
Moore's Creek Bridge
A place in North Carolina where 1,500 loyalists beat the British.
Written in 1776 by Thomas Paine, this document foreshadowed Jefferson's Declaration of Independence and said that the only lawful states get their power from the people. It was very popular.
He wrote Common Sense and said that ignoring the colonists was like not possessing common sense. He planted the seed of independence in the colonists minds. He wanted a republic.
A type of government that relies on the the civic virtue of the people, and gets its power from the consent of the governed.
The concept that good men rise to the the top of the social class. B keeping this, hereditary aristocracy ends, but some social hierarchy remains.
Richard Henry Lee
He said that "these United Colonies are, and of right out to be, free and independent states." He made the formal statement for independence from Britain on June 7.
A Virginian lawyer who was asked to write the Declaration of Independence.
Declaration fo Independence
This document declared America's separation from Britain on July 4, 1776.
These are the freedoms that all of humankind receive, and in the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson points out that the king restricted these rights.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Written 13 years after the Declaration of Independence, this document is France's proof of their natural rights.
Colonials loyal to the king.
The Americans rebelling against the king.
Battle of Long Island
Washington, out numbered, met the Brits and narrowly escaped to Manhattan Island, and eventually ended up in Delaware. Howe, the British commander, gave up the chase.
After the Battle of Long Island, Washington surprised 1,000 sleeping Hessians and captured them. Then escaped secretly and defeated a group of Brits at Princeton.
He said "Give me Liberty, or give me death!"
General John Burgoyne
For the plan to take the Hudson River Valley from the colonists, he would lead an army along Lake Champlain from Canada. He was ultimately forced to surrender at Saratoga.
General William Howe
He failed to pursue Washington after the Long island fight. For seizing the Hudson River Valley, he was stationed New York, and if necessary, he would meet Burgoyne in Albany. He decided to attack Philadelphia instead.
Colonel Barry St. Leger
For seizing the Hudson River Valley, he would move from the west along Lake Ontario and the Mohawk Valley. He was driven back at Oriskany.
Who were the three leaders of the British attack on the Hudson River Valley?
William Howe, John Burgoyne, and Barry St. Leger.
The battle where Burgoyne surrendered all his troops and supplies to Horatio Gates, the American general.
The general that caused Burgoyne to surrender after his failed attempt at seizing the Hudson River Valley.
The Continental Congress made this document official in 1776 and it stated France and America's commercial connection.
In 1780, Catherine the Great of Russia organized this group which was mad up of all the neutral countries in Europe. They passively turned on Britain.
Comte de Rochambeau
He arrived at Newport, Rhode Island in 1780 with French troops.
General Nathaniel Greene
He was a Quaker-reared tactician, and was distinguished by his strategy of delay which defeated Cornwallis.
General Charles Cornwallis
He fought for the British side, and was defeated by Greene.
Treaty of Fort Stanwix
This document, signed by the pro-British Iroquois, gave most of the Indian land to the Americans.
George Rogers Clark
He floated down the Ohio River with some 175 men and captured three forts: Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and Vincennes.
Ships with armed men would attack enemy shipping and they were basically legalized pirvates.
Admiral de Grasse
He operated a powerful fleet in the West Indies and planned an assault on Cornwallis at Yorktown.
In this battle, Rochambeau and Washington surrounded Cornwallis by land, and de Grasse stopped him by sea. He surrendered 7,000 men in 1781.