Classical Roots D Lessons 3-4

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Dogma

Noun. A system of doctrines put forth by an authority, especially a Church, to be the absolute truth.

Dogmatic

Adj. 1. Pertaining to dogma.
2. Expressed in an authoritative or arrogant manner.

Heterodox

Adj. Not in agreememnt with accepted beliefs; holding unorthodox opinions.

Agnostic

1. Noun. A person who believes nothing can be known about the existence of a god.
2. Adj. Relating to the belief that existence of a God is unknowable.

Physiognomy

Noun. Art of judging human character by facial features; facial features when regarded as revealing character.

Prognosis

Noun. A prediction of the outcome of a disease; any forecast or prediction.

Criterion (Criteria)

Noun. A standard, rule, or test on which a decision or judgement can be made.

Hypocrisy

Noun. Pretending to have feelings, beliefs, or virtues that one does not have.

Amnesty

Noun. A general pardon for offenders; especially for political offenses.

Mnemonic

Adj. Relating to or assisting the memory.

Frenetic

Adj. Frantic; Frenzied.

Schizophrenia

1. Noun. A severe mental disorder in which a person becomes unable to act or reason in a rational way, often with delusions and with withdrawal from relationships.
2. Noun. A situation of extreme conflict between choices, loyalties, or ways of life.

Arraign

Tr.v. 1.(Legal) to call to court to answer charges.
2. To accuse; to charge with wrongdoing.

Rationale

Noun. The reasons underlying something, often presented as a statement.

Rationalize

Tr.v. To provide a rational basis for something, often by false or self-serving reasoning.

Sapient

Adj. Wise, insightful (often used ironically, but not all the time).

Sage

1. Noun. A person, usually elderly, who is honored for wisdom and experience.
2. Adj. Wise; judicious

Cognition

Noun. The act of percieving or knowing.

Cognizant

Adj. Aware; having knowledge of something.

Connoisseur

Noun. An expert, or very discriminating person, especially in matters of art and taste.

Notorious

Adj. Widely and unfavorably known; infamous.

Compute

Tr.v. To determine by mathematics.

Impute

Tr.v. To attribute or ascribe a quality, especially a FAULT, to a person.

Repute

Tr.v. To assign a reputation to (usually used with "to be").

Putative

Adj. Supposed; reputed.

Presage

Noun. A sign or feeling concerning some future event; an omen; foreboding.

Sagacious

Adj. Shrewd; having good judgement; perceptive.

Conscientious

Adj. 1. Guided by one's sense of right and wrong.
2. Thorough; with careful attention.

Plebiscite

Noun. A direct vote of all the people of a country or district on an important matter; a referandum.

Prescience

Noun. Knowledge of events before they occur; foresight; foreknowledge.

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