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Polytheism

belief in multiple Gods

Monotheism

belief in a single God

Abraham

the founding father of Judaism

Torah

the scroll of parchment on which the first five books of the Hebrew Scripture is written

Synagogue

Jewish place of worship

Messiah

Savior sent by God

10 Commandments

moral code of laws, written by god and given to moses

New Testament

The second part of the Christian Bible, containing descriptions of the life and teachings of Jesus and of his early followers

Catholic

of or relating to or supporting Catholicism

Protestant

a member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation

Jesus

Religious leader and founder of Christianity

Easter

a Christian celebration of the Resurrection of Christ

The Koran

the holy book of Islam

Allah

Muslim name for the one and only God

Mohammed

the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)

The 5 Pillars of Islam

1. Belief in Allah and Muhammad as his prophet. 2. Standard prayer 5 times a day and public prayer on Fridays at Midday to worship Allah facing Mecca. 3. Observation of the holy month of Ramadan. 4. Making a pilgrimage to Mecca in one's lifetime, aka Hajj. 5. Giving alms to the poor and unfortunate (charity).

Sunni

a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad

Shiite

a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs

Reincarnation

the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions

Brahman

a single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything, the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal category

Kharma

Hindu term: One's fortune, based on how well/unwell they follow their dharma. The amount of good kharma you accumulate in life determines how you are reborn in the next life, and whether or not you reach enlightenment (Nirvana)

Dharma

the religious and moral duties of Hindus, the duties and obligations of each caste

Buddha

founder of Buddhism

Four Noble Truths

The central teachings of Buddhism; to live is to suffer; suffering is caused by desire; the cessation of suffering can be achieved; the solution is the Noble Eightfold Path

Eightfold Path

In Buddhism, the basic rules of behavior and belief leading to an end of suffering

5 Relationships

1. Ruler - Subject 2. Father- Son 3. Elder Brother- Younger Brother 4. Husband- Wife 5. Friend- Friend

Analects

a record of the words and acts of the central Chinese thinker and philosopher Confucius and his disciples

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