T/F: In the struggle between the Hungarian aristocrats and the Austrian Habsburgs, the Hungarian aristocrats maintained their traditional privileges
T/F: The monarchs of eastern Europe were generally stronger than the kings of western Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
T/F: With the Pragmatic Sanction, Charles VI proclaimed that the Habsburg lands were not to be divided
T/F: Ivan III ad Ivan IV (the "Terrible") transformed the Russian nobility in a service nobility
T/F: An excellent, early eighteenth century example of ties among politics, architecture and urban development is St. Petersburg.
T/F: Peter the Great was responsible for turning Russia inward and away from western influence
T/F: Political, rather than economic factors were the most important reason for the rise of serfdom in eastern Europe and the decline of serfdom in western Europe.
T/F: The Ottoman empire successfully conquered Vienna before it was later removed due to economic difficulties
T/F: Most of the royal revenues collected by the government of Peter the Great went towards warfare
T/F: "Old Believers" who left the Russian Orthodox church were allowed to form religious communities so long as they did not interfere with Russian politics
T/F: Fredrick William I was perhaps the most important ruler in establishing Prussian absolutism and giving it a unique character.
T/F: In contrast to Russia and Prussia, Austria's empire was more vulnerable to civil unrest due to large ethnic minorities that lived withing the Habsburg empire.
By the seventeenth century, commercial activity, manufacturing, and mining in Russia were owned or controlled by the
After the disastrous defeat of the Czech nobility by the Habsburgs at the battle of White Mountain in 1618, the
majority of the Czech nobles' land was given to soldiers who had fought for the Habsburgs
After the Thirty Years' War and the creation of a large standing army, Austria turned its attention to the control of
The result of the struggle of the Hungarian nobles against Habsburg oppression was that
they gained a great deal of autonomy compared with the Austrian and Bohemian nobility
THe monarch who established Prussian absolutism and who was named "the Soldiers' King"
Fredrick William I
The rise of the Russian monarchy was largely a response to the external threat of the
In order to strengthen the Russian military, Peter the Great
made the nobility serve in the civil administration or army for life
All of the following reflected the power and magnificence of royal absolutism except
soaring gothic cathedrals
Royal family who ruled Prussia from the seventeenth century until the early twentieth century
Russian ruler who restored order after the Time of Troubles and who became the first ruler of the Romanov line
Institution where serfs in eastern Europe were required to perform three days of unpaid labor for their lords
Christians who were taken from their families as children in the Balkans who became slaves and later, the core of the Ottoman army
Prussian ruler of the mid-seventeenth century who began centralizing power in that state and created a permanent standing army.
Enormous palace built in Vienna by Leopold I that was modeled after the Versailles Palace in France.
Grand royal residence in St. Petersburg that was rebuilt at the request of Peter the Great's daughter, Elizabeth.
T/F: Governments in the seventeenth century lost important powers to the reformed and energetic Catholic Church
T/F: The cultural center of Europe in the seventeenth century was England, Especially London
Charles I's attempt to rule without consulting Parliament led to the development of absolutism in England
Cardinal Richelieu's most notable accomplishment was
the creation of a highly effective administrative system
Absolute monarchs secured mastery over the nobility by all of the following EXCEPT
regulating religious groups
Cardinal Richelieu consolidated the power of the French monarchy by doing all of the following EXCEPT
eliminating the intendant system of local government.
one way in which Louis XIV controlled the French nobility was by
requiring the presence of the major noble families at Versailles for at least part of the year
Which of the following is a book by Cervantes that has as its hero and idealistic but impractical soldier
Treaty of the Pyrenees
Mid-sixteenth-century treaty that ended the French-Spanish wars and symbolized the end of Spain as a great power
French royal commissioners who were usually members of the upper middle class or minor nobility and who were solely responsible to the monarch
civil wars between 1648-1653 where nobles sought to reduce the absolute power of the monarchy
Economic system further developed by Colbert whereby a country sought to achieve a favorable balance of trade with other countries.
Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty that ended the War of Spanish Succession and represented the balance-of-power principle at work
French monarch who initiated an economic recovery and gained Protestant confidence through the Edict of Nantes
Jean Baptiste Colbert
Finance minister and economic genius under Louis XIV whose development of French mercantilism led to increased production and trade
Most powerful figure in the French government of Louis XIV during the early years of the "Sun King's" reign.
Duke of Sully
first minister under Henry IV who helped centralize power int he late sixteenth and early seventeenth century
Moors and Jews
Two ethnic groups in Spain whose expulsion in the 15th and 16th centuries led to a significant decline in the Spanish middle class
T/F: Charles I's attempt to rule without consulting Parliament led to the development of absolutism in England
T/F: The United Provinces of the Netherlands offered the greatest degree of religious toleration in the seventeenth century
The Dutch East India Company sought only to enrich the highest ranking government officials in the Dutch Republic
Scotland revolted against England when Archbishop Laud sought to impose the rituals of the Anglican Church on Scottish presbyterian
The Hanoverian kings of the 18th century turned out to be far more autocratic in their rule than the Stuarts in the 17th century
The Dutch Repblic was successful in creating conditions through which diverse groups of peoples coexisted in the country's activites
Which of the following cities was the commercial and financial capital of Europe throughout most of the seventeenth century?
The statement "there are no privileges and immunities which can stand against a divinely appointed king" forms the basis of the
Stuart notion of constitutionalism
When Archbishops Laud tried to make the Presbyterian Scots accept the Anglican Book of Common Prayer, the Scots
Who amon the following was a proponent of the idea that the purpose of government is to protect life, liberty, and property
After the United Provinces of the Netherlands won independence from Spain, their government could best be described as
a weak union of strong provinces
During the administration of Robert Walpole in Britain, the idea developed that
the cabinet be responsible to the House of Commons
The Amstel River was the major link between which of the following cities and its world trading system?
Religious reformer who stated, "From where do the merchant's profits come except from his own diligence and industry."
Event in the late 17th century that led to a removal of a king leading to England's officially became a constitutional monarchy
upper class gentry
social class that dominated the House of Commons in the early seventeenth century
highest executive in each of the seven provinces of the Netherlands who was responsible for defense and maintaining order
religious conflict that pitted the Cavaliers against the Roundheads and resulted in the decapitation of Charles I
Specific tax levied by Charles I during the eleven ears that he ruled without Parliament
Law passed under Oliver Cromwell that sought to enforce England's mercantilist system against Dutch competition
House of Commons
Governmental body in England's Parliament that became the chief opposition to the Stuart kings in the seventeenth century
English law that prohibited from voting and holding public office those who refused to receive the sacrament of the Church of England.
William III of Orange
Dutch prince who thwarted the expansionism of Louis XIV and later became king of England
16th century English monarch whose remarkable success was due to political shrewdness and flexibility
Philosopher who wrote that the power of the monarchy should be absolute but does not emanate from divine right
English Puritan and leader of the "New Model Army" who ruled England during the interregnum
Scottish king who succeeded Elizabeth I and became the first of the Stuart line to rule in England
From which war did Louis XIV gain the two small territories in southeaster France?
Spanish Succession (Peace of Utrecht)
increased role of the state in the economy in order to achieve a favorable balance of trade with other countries
Peace of Utrecht
most important treaty between Treaty of Westphalia and Treaty of Paris. Maintained balance of power in Europe, ended the expansionism of Louis XIV
arose after the Glorious Revolution, limited the power of the monarch and established Parliaments the supreme being over the King/Queen
Second Treatise of Civil Government
state of nature=individuals aren't under obligation but are each a judge of what the law of nature requires
divine right of kings
kings were born to be kings, placed on throne by God, and owed his authority to no man or group
english penal laws serving as a religious test for public ofic and imposed various civil disabilities on Roman Catholics
Peace of Weatphalia
a series of treaties signed in 1648 in Osnabruc and munster. ended the 30 years war