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Mr. Lowrey's Evolution Flashcards

Evolution

change in a kind of organism over time; process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms

coevolution

process by which two species evolve in response to changes in each other

biogenesis

the production of living organisms from other living organisms

abiogenesis

a hypothetical organic phenomenon by which living organisms are created from nonliving matter

natural selection

a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment

fossil

The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past

geographic isolation

separation of populations as a result of geographic change or migration to geographically isolated places

adaptation

inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance of survival

mimicry

the resemblance of an animal species to another species or to natural objects

homologous structure

similar structure found in more than one species that share a common ancestor

cladogram

Diagram that shows the evolutionary relationships among a group of organisms

phylum

(biology) the major taxonomic group of animals and plants

artificial selection

selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the natural variation among different organisms

kingdom

First and largest category used to classify organisms

species

group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring

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