strong, active verb
main clause first, subordinate follows
subordinate first, main clause at the end
balanced or parallel
two or more words/constructinos in the same grammartical form
main clause split in two with subordinate inbetween
main clause in the middle with subordinates before and after
renaming: London, the english city on the thames, offers many tourist attractions
ex: How can you possibly make good wine from poor grapes?
repetition of words in clauses in reverse grammatical order
"mankind must put an end to war before war puts an end to mankind"
crisscross/reversal of grammatical structures
"by day the frolic, and the dance by night"
repetition of the words at the beginning of a clause at the end of a clause
"Blood hath brough blood, and blows have answerd blows"
repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the next
"The crime was common, common be the pain"
repetition of the same word at the beginning of successive sentences
"the lord sittith above the water floods. the lord remainth a king forever. the lord shall give strength unto his people..."
repetition of the same word(s) at the end of successive clauses
"I'll have my bond! Speak not against my bond! I have sworn an oath that I will have my bond!"
using less than impressive descriptions to make your point seem more impressive
It isn't very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on the brain.
apparently contradictory statement that contains truth
Art is a form of lying in order to tell the truth
using words in a series WITHOUT punctuation
How neatly, secretly, decently is this killing done
prescisley parallel structure
every nation has its own traditions, its own values, its own aspirations
using the same word/phrase to modify different words in different ways
these are extraordinary times. and we face an extraordinary challenge.
the winds all feel it and know it and tell it.
repetition of words derived from the same root
the impulse of the imitator is to overcome the model they imitate
using conjunctions in close succession
he paused and hunted and found his garmet and put it on.
we wait by minutes, by decades, by centuries for the crash we have caused