Chapter 13 East Asian Cultural and Political Systems, 1300-1650
1) Which of the following is NOT significant to the decline of the Yuan dynasty? A) famine and disease
B) oppressive taxation C) Mongol control of government D) lack of military discipline
E) climate change
2) Which of the following does NOT apply to the Red Turbans? A) branch of the White Lotus Society
B) religious-based rebel groups C) began within the Yuan dynasty D) Confucian ideas
E) Buddhist and Daoist concepts
3) Mongol China was replaced by ________ China. A) SungB) MingC) ManchuD) TangE) Zhou
4) Achievements of the early Ming period did NOT include A) enlarging the Grand Canal.
B) annexing Korea. C) deforesting non-Chinese tribal lands. D) expanding the Great Wall of China.
E) expanding commercial enterprises.
5) A key difference between the early and later Ming periods was the amount of A) foreign involvement.
B) economic prosperity. C) cultural achievement. D) order and stability.
E) perpetuation of corrupt and weak practices.
6) During the last two centuries of Ming rule, China A) imitated foreigners.
B) stagnated intellectually. C) produced very little of any cultural value. D) continued its tradition of learning and artistic activity.
E) excelled in technological advances.
7) All of the following constitute social conditions of women during the Ming dynasty EXCEPT A) an increase in suicides.
B) encouraging widows to remarry quickly. C) foot binding among the middle class and nobility. D) the sale of young girls to noble men.
E) confinement to homes.
8) Wang Yangming (14721528) argued against Neo-Confucianism by A) authoring All Men Are Brothers.
B) teaching that knowledge is intuitive. C) compiling the Yongle Encyclopedia. D) saying that experience plays no role in knowledge.
E) all of the above.
9) Ming novels differed from the classical literature by A) including erotica.
B) describing ordinary life. C) using colloquial language. D) being more accessible to a large number of readers.
E) all of the above.
10) The major artistic achievement of the Ming dynasty was A) porcelain.
B) architecture. C) poetry. D) music.
E) the introduction of formalism.
11) All of the following were major problems facing the later Ming emperors EXCEPT A) urban unrest.
B) inflation. C) the success of Christianity in China. D) production lagging behind the rising population.
12) Europe affected China under the Ming dynasty in all of the following ways EXCEPT through A) Jesuit advisers.
B) musicians and painters at the Ming court. C) artillery. D) traders in Chinese ports.
E) secular knowledge.
13) Ming China fell in the mid-17th century to the A) Japanese.
B) Manchus. C) Koreans. D) Mongols.
14) Qin Liangyu, a general, A) became the last Ming emperor.
B) was unable to stop local rebellion. C) was known as corrupt. D) fought the Huns.
E) fought the Manchus and became a well-known poet.
15) The predominant foreign cultural influence in Korea was A) Chinese.
B) Mongolian. C) Indian. D) Japanese.
16) Generally Korea was ruled by A) scholars.
B) soldiers. C) landowners. D) merchants.
17) All of the following are consistent with the Choson Dynasty of Korea EXCEPT A) extension of northern borders.
B) declaration of Confucianism as the state religion. C) redistribution of land among peasants. D) an intellectual revolution.
E) inheritance and succession followed the male line.
18) The Neo-Confucian revival in Korea A) freed women from societal restrictions.
B) encouraged popular uprisings. C) meant lower taxes. D) ended publication of literature.
E) created a Korean writing system.
19) Which of the following is NOT an accurate description of the Japanese invasion of Korea in 1592?
A) Japan desired a continental empire.
B) The Choson military was not effective. C) The Korean people rose up to defend Korea. D) Japan had guns but Korea did not.
E) Japan was victorious.
20) The end of the Ming dynasty caused Korea to A) be annexed by Japan.
B) accept Manchu overlordship and great cruelty. C) ally with Japan against the Chinese. D) declare its independence.
E) flourish culturally.
21) Whereas the Japanese emperor symbolized national unity, real political power in Japan rested with the
A) shoguns. B) samurai.
D) daimyo. E) villages.
22) The Japanese soldier responsible for ending the Japanese civil war in the early 17th century was
A) Oda Nobunaga. B) Kyushu.
C) Toyotomi Hideyoshi. D) Tokugawa Ieyasu.
23) All of the following are accurate descriptions of Japanese society during the Warring States period EXCEPT
A) Villages became democratic as freedom from constant control by warriors and aristocrats increased.
B) Farm women had to be subordinate to their husbands. C) Elite womenʹs status declined. D) In 1574, 20,000 Buddhists were murdered.
E) Mt. Hiei, a 700-year-old temple, was destroyed.
24) Which of the following is the BEST example of Muromachi architecture? A) Himeji castle
B) Silver Pavilion C) Toyotomi Hideyoshi castle D) Oda Nobunaga castle
E) the city of Edo
25) Christian missionaries established a significant presence in Japan in partnership with A) European traders.
B) Zen Buddhists. C) invading European armies. D) the Japanese emperor.
E) the shogun.
26) Tokugawa Ieyasu A) replanted the forests.
B) did not construct roads or canals.
C) received the Kanto Plain, which was a very productive region. D) began to conserve natural resources.
E) all of the above.
27) By the mid-17th century, Japan had embarked on all of the following courses in its history EXCEPT
A) cultural isolation. B) intellectual conservatism.
C) political centralization. D) commercial aggressiveness.
28) All Europeans were driven out of Japan EXCEPT the A) Spanish.
B) French. C) Russians. D) Italians.
29) The general character of Southeast Asian civilization was A) a concentration on Chinese culture to the exclusion of all others.
B) a single, unified culture. C) a concentration on Indian culture to the exclusion of all others. D) contending cultures and states.
E) none of the above.
30) A major factor hampering the development of Southeast Asia was A) religion.
B) lack of resources. C) geographical location. D) national competition.
E) foreign invasion.
31) European influence before 1650 in Southeast Asia was A) negligible.
B) more dramatic on the mainland. C) felt most in Burma. D) felt most in Indonesia.
32) The Southeastern Asia country formerly known as Siam is A) Burma.
B) Cambodia. C) Thailand. D) Vietnam.
33) From its base in Indonesia, ________ spread throughout the islands of southeast Asia. A) Islam
B) Buddhism C) Hinduism D) Christianity
E) Dutch commercialism
34) All of the following are true of Vietnam EXCEPT A) it was under Chinese control for a millennium.
B) it used Chinese script. C) it repulsed the Mongol attacks. D) it was unable to expel the Ming.
E) it was committed to being free of Chinaʹs dominance.
35) Before the European arrival in Indonesia, the busiest port in Asia was A) Hong Kong.
B) Malacca. C) Canton. D) Java.
36) The first European nation to become an important factor in Southeast Asia was A) Spain.B) Portugal.C) England.D) Holland.E) France.
37) The ________ replaced the Muslims as the most powerful merchants in Indonesia. A) Portuguese
B) Dutch C) Spanish D) French