Indo-European, Sino-Tibetan, Austronesian, Niger Congo
What are the 4 major language families from biggest to smallest.
Germanic, Romance, Balto-Slavic, Indo-Iranian
What are the 4 branches of the Indo-European language family?
What are the two branches of the Germanic branch?
Earth's collection of languages is one of its most obvious examples of what?
One of the most authoritative sources of languages.
Two continents are difficult to document the languages found there. What are they?
Language, Religion, Ethnicity
3 traits that best distinguish cultural values are:
The global distribution of languages results from a combination of 2 geographic processes:
A language diffuses at a particular:
Who arrived in the British Isles in 2000 BC?
Cornwall, Scotland, Wales
450 AD, tribes from mainland Europe invaded and pushed the Celts into what 3 countries?
Angles, Jutes, Saxons
What three European peoples originally came together to form the English people and the English language?
Where did the Angles come from?
Where did the Jutes come from?
Where did the Saxons come from?
Vikings and Normans
What two subsequent invasions added additional words to the evolving English language?
Pronunciation, Spelling, Vocabulary
3 ways U.S. English is different than England.
Northern, Midland, Southern
Two important isoglosses separate the eastern USA into 3 dialect regions known as:
Language differs the most in:
As more of the West was opened to settlement during the 19th century, people migrated from all parts of the:
California Gold Rush
What attracted people throughout the east?
Most important Indian language.
Most important West Slavic language.
Spanish, French, Portuguese, Italian
4 romance languages.
The theoretical common ancestral language of all languages in this chapter.
This language has the most native speakers.
Elders, not passed down
Many languages are nearly extinct because of two reasons.
Two isolated languages.
Two lingua francas.
Which European country does not speak a romance language.
Example of a creolized language.