Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Romulus and Remus

two twins who according to legend founded the city of Rome in 753 BC. According to legend, they were twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin princess. The twins were abandoned on the Tiber River as infants and raised by a she-wolf. The twins then decided to build a city near the spot.

Aeneas

Trojan hero written about in "The Aeneid". Called the father of the Romans because he united trojans and Latins

Latins

An ancient people living in the region of Latium, Italy, who believed that they descended from Latinus, the father-in-law of Aeneas

Estruscans

a sophisticated urban people of obscure origins in Northern Italy - Romans used their alphabet, "Roman numerals", ect...

Tarquins

About 620 BC, ruling Etruscan family of Rome, Very cruel, they taught the Latins to build with brick and to roof their houses.

Cincinnatus

a farmer who was chosen as dictator to lead the Roman army and quickly defeated his foes in a single day and was not eager to hold on to his power

Hannibal

great Carthaginian general during 2nd Punic War; successfully invaded Italy, but failed to conquer Rome; finally defeated at Battle of Zama; fought with elephants

Scipio

Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)

Julius Caesar

Made dictator for life in 45 BCE, after conquering Gaul, assinated in 44 BCE by the Senate because they were afraid of his power

Octavian

later took name of Augustus; Julius Caesar's grandnephew and adopted son; defeated conservative senators after Caesar's assassination; became first Roman emperor.

Antony

Caesars's ally and assistant, took the east side of Rome, part of second Triumverate

Cicero

political leader, writer, and Rome's greatest public speaker

Augustus

title that Octavion took; means "the reverend or majectic one"

Caligula

A cruel and insane ruler of the Roman Empire in the first century A.D.; one of the twelve Caesars. To humiliate the senators of Rome, he appointed his horse to the senate; killed by the Praetorian Guard

Nero

Last of the Julio Claudian emperors (related to Caesar), Initially tried to rule as Octavian, Murdered his meddling mother, Blamed Christians for fire in Rome. "fiddle while Rome burned." ; committed suicide

Hadrian

"Romanized"and organized the empire- built bridges, roads, and aqueducts, ruled during the height of the Pax Romana, Built Hadrians Wall across Britain, strengthened borders; one of the "good emperors"

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set