chapter 8 female reproductive system

80 terms by cherylawood 

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adnexa uteri

fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments.

amnion

innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus.

areola

dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple.

Bartholin glands

small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice

cervix

lower, neck-like portion of the uterus

chorion

outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta.

clitoris

organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra.

coitus

sexual intercourse; copulation.

corpus luteum

empty orvarion follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow(liteum) body (corpus)

cul-de-sac

region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus.

embryo

stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks

endometrium

inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus

estrogen

hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics.

fallopian tube

one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus.

fertilization

union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops.

fimbriae

finger or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.

follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)

gamete

male or female sexual reporductive cell; sperm cell or ovum

genitalia

reproductive organs; aslo called genitals

gonad

female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary and testes

human chorionic gonadotropin (hgc)

hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.

lactifrous ducts

tubes that carry milk within the breast.

luteinizing hormone (LH)

hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation

mammary papilla

nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple- shaped projection.

menarche

beginning of the first menstural period and ability to reproduce

myometrium

muscle layer of the uterus.

neonatology

branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn (neonate).

ovarian follicle

developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime.

ovum

mature egg cell (female gamete). ova develop from immature egg cells called oocytes

ovuation

release of the ovum from the ovary.

parturition

act of giving birth

perineum

in females, the area between the anus and the vagina.

pituitary gland

endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries.

placenta

vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy. It serves as a communication between the maternal and fetal bloodstream.

progesterone

hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women.

uterine serosa

outermost layer surrounding the uterus

vagina

muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.

vulva

external female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice

zygote

stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks

colp/o - vagin/o

vagina

episi/o - vulv/o

vulva

galact/o - lact/o

milk

hyster/o

uterus, womb

mamm/o - masto

breast

men/o

menses, menstruation

merr/o, metri/o - uter/o

uterus

oophor/o

ovary

o/o - ov/o - ovul/o

egg

perine/o

perineum

phor/o

to bear

salping/o

fallopian tubes

-arche

beginning

-cyesis

pregnancy

-gravida

pregnant

-paroud

bearing, bringing forth

-salpinx

fallopian (uterine) tube

-tocia

labor, birth

-versin

act of turning

nulli-

no, not, none

carcinoma of the cervix

malignant cells within the cervix

pelvic infammatory disease

inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis.

PID

bacterial infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydial, STDs, sexually transmitted diseases.

cervicitis

inflammation of the cervix-lining of the cervix not renewed each month-

carcinoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer)

malignant tumor of the uterus(adenocarcinoma)

fibrocystic disease

numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast

abruptio placentae

premature separation of the implanted placenta

choriocarcinoma

malignant tumor of the placenta

placenta previa

implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus

preeclampsia

abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache.

hyaline membrane disease

acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn

hydrocephalus

accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain

meconium aspiration syndrome

abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn

hysterosalpingography (HSG)

x-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope

culdocentesis

needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac.

exenteration

removal of internal organs within a cavity

xhorionic villuls sampling

sampling of palacental tissue (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis

hcg HCG

human chorionic gonadotropin test for pregnancy

LH

luteinizing hormone

para 2-0-1-2

woman's reproductive history: 2 full-term infants, 0 preterm,1 abortion, and 2 living childrem

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