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arabesque

a style which employs flowers, fruit, foliage, animal or figure outlines in an interlaced pattern

assemblage

art work constructed from existing objects

blind arcade

a series of arches in relief, with blocked openings

calligraphy

"beautiful writing" or ornamental writing as a decorative art

colonnettes

small columns

Dominant motif

a single repeated design or element in a design

finial

a crowning ornament

hypostyle hall

a mosque prayer hall supported by many columns

Islam

a religion begun by Mohammed, with belief in one god,Allah, whose revelations he received beginning in 610 AD. Believers must submit to the will of Allah and are called Muslims

Koran

is the sacred book of Islam

Madrasa

a place of study

matte

a dull finish

mecca

the birth place of Mohammed and a place of pilgrimage

minaret

a tower from which the muezzin calls the faithful prayer

moorish

a combination of Spanish and North African architecture

mosaic

patterns made from imbedding small piece (tesserae) of stone or glass in cement

mosque

a Muslim place of worship

muezzin

a holy man who calls Muslims to prayer

Muslim

a believer in Islam

Ottomans

Turkish people who converted to Islam, conquered Constantinople and changed the name to Istanbul

sanctuary

a holy place within a building

screen

a decorative, cut-out nonweight bearing wall

tracery

ornamental stonework holding stained glass in place, characteristic of Gothic cathedrals

zoomorphic

a deity conceived in an animal form

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