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delirium tremens

a disorder involving sudden and severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping the use of alcohol

hypochondriasis

a condition characterized by misinterpretation of physical symptoms and fearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance

hallucination

a sensory perception (sight, touch, sound, smell, or taste) experienced in the absence of an external stimulation

delusion

a false personal belief that is maintained despite obvious proof or evidence to the contrary

facitious disorder

individual acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she isnt not really sick.

dyslexia

a learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols; also known as a developmental reading disorder

epidural anesthesia

regional anesthesia produced by injecting a local anesthetic into the epidural space of the lumbar or sacral region of the spine

electroencephalography

the process of recording the electrical activity of the brain through the use of electrodes attached to the scalp

echoencephalography

the use of ultrasound imaging to diagnose a shift in the midline structures of the brain

hyperesthesia

a condition of abnormal and excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli

epilepsy

a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severity.

Guillain-Barre syndrome

inflammation of the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves and is characterized by rapidly worsening muscle weakness that can lead to temporary paralysis

hemorrhagic stroke

occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks or ruptures; also known as a bleed

ischemic stroke

a type of stroke that occurs when the flow of blood to the brain is blocked

lethargy

a lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy

meningitis

inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord

hydrocephalus

a condition in which there is an abnormally increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain

dura mater

thick, tough, outermost membrane of the meninges

dementia

a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain, can be caused by a viral infection such as rabies

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