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The Gastrointestinal System

Digestive system or Alimentary cal

Is a contineous tube beginning with the mouth and ending at the anus.

Liver, gallbladder, and the pancreas

The accessory organs of the Gastrointestinal system.

Stomatitis

Is the inflammation of the mouth.

Stomatalgia or Stomatodynia

Is the pain in the mouth.

Stomatorraphy

Is suture of the mouth.

stomat/o

Is a combining form of the mouth.

-itis

Is a suffix meaning inflammation.

-algia or -dynia

Is a suffix meaning pain.

-rraphy

Is a suffix meaning suture.

-pathy

Is a suffix used to indicate a disease state.

Stomatopathy

Refers to any disease of the mouth.

-plasty

Is a suffix meaning surgical repair (plastic surgery).

Stomatoplasty

Is a medical term meaning surgical repair of the mouth.

palat/o

Is a combining form meaning palate, which is the roof of the mouth.

Palatoplasty

Is a medical term meaning surgical repair of the mouth.

Ginigivectomy

Is a surgical removal of the gum tissue.

ginigiv/o

Is a combining form meaning gum.

-ectomy

Is a suffix meaning excision.

sial

Is a word root meaning salivary glands.

sial/o

Is the combining form meaning salivary glands.

Sialolith

Means salivary stone.

lith

Is a root word meaning stone

-lith

Is a suffix meaning stone.

Dysphagia

Is difficulty in swallowing or eating.

dys-

Is a prefix meaning difficult.

-phagia

Is a suffix meaning swallowing or eating.

dent/o or odont/o

Is a combining word meaning teeth.

-ist

Is a suffix referring to one who specializes in.

Malocclusion

Means poorly aligned teeth.

Occlusion

Used in dentistry, means alignment.

Odontalgia

Is a term for toothache.

Odontitis

Refers to the inflammation of the teeth.

Prosthodontics

Refers to adding teeth or replacing some or all of the teeth.

prosth/o

Is a combining form meaning teeth.

Oligodontia

Is the condition of having a fewer than the normal number of teeth.

olig/o

Is a combining form meaning teeth.

gloss/o or lingu/o

Is a combining form meaning tongue.

Glossalgia or Glossodynia

Means pain in the tongue.

Glossitis

Means the inflammation of the tongue.

sub- / -hypo

Is a prefix and suffix meaning beneath, below or under.

-oma

Is a prefix meaning tumor.

-tomy

Is a suffix meaning incision in.

Glossorrhapy

Means suture of the tongue.

Glossoma

Means tumor of the tongue.

Glossotomy

Means incision in the tongue.

Glossopathy

Is a medical term meaning disease of the tongue.

-plegia

Is a suffix meaning paralysis.

Glossoplegia

Medical term meaning paralysis of the tongue.

Sublingual or Hypoglossal

Means under the tongue.

-osis

Is a suffix meaning condition of.

Glossosis

Medical term referring to any condition of the tongue.

Glossopathy

Medical term meaning to any disease of the tongue.

-scope

Is a suffix meaning an instrument used to examine an object.

Glossoscope

Medical term meaning an instrument for examining the tongue.

cheil/o

Is a combining form meaning lips.

Cheilosis

Medical term meaning any condition of the lips.

Cheilopathy

Medical term meaning any disease of the lips.

Cheilitis

Medical term meaning inflammation of the lips.

Cheilotomy

Medical term meaning incision of the lips.

Cheiloplasty

Medical term meaning plastic repair of the lips.

Cheilostomatoplasty

Meaning plastic surgery of the lips and mouth.

Buccal

Means pertaining to the cheek.

bucca

Is word root meaning cheek.

Pharyng/o

Is a combining form meaning throat.

Pharyngocele

Is herniation of the throat.

Pharynx

Means throat.

-cele

Is a suffix meaning herniation.

Pharyngalgia or Pharyngodynia

Medical term meaning pain in the throat.

Pharyngoplegia

Medical term meaning paralysis of the pharyngeal or throat muscles.

Pharyngitis

Medical term meaning inflammation of the throat.

Pharyngectomy

Medical term meaning excision of the throat.

uvula

The pharynx is separated from the mouth by the soft palate, which has a V-shaped extension called:

Esophagus

Is the passage extending from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach.

esophag/o

Is a combining form meaning esophagus.

Esophagostenosis

Is narrowing of the esophagus.

-stenosis

Is a suffix meaning the condition of narrowing.

Esophagodynia or Esophagalia

Medical terms meaning pain in the esophagus.

Esophagitis

Medical term meaning inflammation of the esophagus

Esophagocele

Medical term meaning herniation of the esophagus.

gastr

Is the root word meaning stomach.

gastr/o

Is the combining form meaning stomach.

Gastritis

Medical term meaning inflammation of the stomach.

Gastroenteritis

Is the inflammation of the stomach and small intestines.

enter/o

Is the combining form meaning small intestine.

gastroenter/o

Is the combining form meaning stomach and small intestines.

Gastroenterocolitis

Is inflammation of the stomach, small intestine, and colon.

Gastroscope

Medical term meaning instrument used for visual examination of the stomach

duoden/o

Is a combining form meaning duodenum.

Gastroduedenitis

Refers to inflammation of the stomach and duodenum.

Gastrectomy

Medical term meaning excision of part or all of the stomach.

Gastrejejunostomy

Is a surgical procedure to make an opening between the stomach and jejunum.

jejun/o

Is a combining form meaning jejunum.

stoma

Is a opening or mouth.

-stomy

Is a suffix referring to a surgical procedure to create a opening or mouth.

Gastrostomy

Is the surgical creation of an opening through the abdominal wall of into the stomach.

Gastrodynia or Gastralgia

Medical terms meaning pain in the stomach.

Gastroma

Is a tumor in the stomach.

Duodenum, jejunum, and ileum.

Three parts of the small intestine.

ile/o

Is the combining form meaning ileum.

Duodenitis

Medical term meaning inflammation of the duodenum.

Ilectomy

Medical term meaning excision of part of the ileum.

jejunotomy

Medical term meaning incision into the jejunum.

Enteritis

Medical term meaning inflammation of the small intestine.

Duodenohepatic

Is a compound word meaning liver and duodenum or affecting the liver and duodenum.

hepat/o

Is a combining form meaning liver.

Jejunorrhaphy

Medical term meaning suture of the jejunum.

Ileorectal

Means pertaining to the ileum and the rectum.

rect/o

Is a combining form meaning rectum.

Ileostomy

Medical term meaning creation of an artificial opening into the ileum.

Enterocystocele

Is a hernia of the intestine and bladder.

cyst/o

Is a combining form meaning bladder.

Enteroptosis

Is a falling, or downward displacement, of intestines.

-ptosis

Is a suffix meaning prolapse, dropping, or falling.

cec/o

Is the combining form meaning cecum.

cecum

Is the first part of the large intestine.

Ileocecal

Means pertaining to the ileum and cecum.

colon

Is the part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum.

Sigmoid colon

The curve part of the descending colon is called:

Appendix

Is a small structure near the juncture of the ileum and cecum.

colon/o and col/o

Is the combining form meaning large intestine.

Colonitis or Colitis

Inflammation of the colon.

Colonopathy

refers to any disease of the colon.

-rrhagia

Is a suffix meaning hemorrhage.

Colonorrhagia

Is hemorrhage from the colon.

Colostomy

Is the creation of an artificial opening in the large intestine.

Cecoileostomy

Is the creation of an opening between the cecum and ileum.

cecoile/o

Is a combining from meaning cecum and ileum.

Sigmoidectomy

Is a surgical excision or removal of the sigmoid colon.

sigmoid/o

Is a combining form meaning sigmoid colon.

Ileocolitis

Is the inflammation of the ileum and colon.

Anorectal

Means pertaining to the opening of the rectum.

Anus

Is a word root referring to the opening to the outside from the rectum.

an/o

Is a combining form meaning anus.

rect/o

Is a combining from meaning rectum.

Proctology

Is a branch of medicine concerned with disorder of the rectum and anus.

proct/o

Is a combining form referring with disorder of the rectum and anus.

Proctologist

Medical term meaning a physician who specializes in proctology.

Sigmoidoscopy

Is the viewing of the sigmoid colon with an instrument.

Diverticulum

Is a pouch in the muscle wall of the colon.

diverticul/o

Is a combining form meaning diverticulum or diverticula.

Diverticulectomy

Medical term meaning excision of the diverticulum.

Diverticulitis

Medical term meaning inflammation of the diverticulum.

Proctoplasty

Is a surgical repair of the rectum.

Protoscope

Medical term meaning an instrument used for visual examination of the rectum.

Protoscopy

Medical term meaning visual examination of the rectum with a instrument.

-scopy

Is a suffix referring to the use of an instrument to view.

Proctocele

Is a hernia of the rectum.

Proctoptosis

Medical term meaning prolapse of the rectum.

Anoplasty

Medical term meaning surgical repair of the anus.

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