A government that is composed of representatives of the people.
Powers that are specifically granted to the federal government by the Constitution.
Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution that has been interpreted as giving Congress authority to stretch its delegated powers to address issues not otherwise specified in the document; also known as the "necessary and proper clause."
Powers retained by the state governments or by citizens.
Powers that are shared by the federal and state governments.
Seperation of Powers
The division of governmental power into distinct areas with different branches of government exercising different powers; prevents one branch from becoming too powerful.
The use of population to determine how many legislative representatives an area will have.
To vote to bring charges against.
Nonlegislative directive issued by the U.S. president in certain circumstances; an executive order has the force of congressional law.
Freedom from punishment.
Group made up of the heads of the executive departments that advises the U.S. president.
A formal request.
A judge's order authorizing the search of a person's home or property to look for evidence of a crime.
Fair application of the law.
To formally accuse.
Illegal act of trying a person twice for the same crime.
The government's power to take personal property to further the public good.
A person born in another country who has been granted citizenship.
To send an immigrant back to his or her country of origin.
A system of required service in the armed forces.
Political Action Committees
(PACs) Organizations that collect money to distribute to candidates who support the same issues as the contributors.