QUIZ ON SECTION 1 & 2 Ancient Greece

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Knossos

an ancient minoan city on the island of Crete

trojan war

War in which the Mycenaeans attacked the city of Troy.

Homer

blind poet who sang of heroic deeds. wrote the Iliad & The Odyssesy.

Mycenaeans

first civilization in ancient Greece in Crete

How did Mycenaeans get rich?

sea trade

What do the Iliad & The Odyssesy tells us about ancient Greek Life?

The Trojan War and the values of ancient Greeks

acropolis

high city on top of a hill

monarchy

a government in which a hereditary ruler has all the power.

aristocracy

land holding elite

oligarchy

wealthy merchants farmers and artisans who challenged the landowning nobles for power of the city-states.

phalanx

a massive tactical formation of heavily armed foot soldiers.

democracy

government by the people

tyrant

people who gain power by force

How did the topography of Greece affect each city state

Mountains divide the peninsula into valleys. Greeks settled on the scattered islands. No big empires.

Spartans practived what type of government

totalitarism

examples of how military ruled the Spartans life.

Took boys at seven for training
live in barracks
hard exercise
steal food
harsh discipline

Athens had what type of government

Democracy

Differences between Athens & Sparta

Democratic Government
Education
Culture
Elected officials
Owned their own land

Zeus

Most powerful Greek god who lived on Mount Olympus in Northern Greece.

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