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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. pharmacodynamics of aminoglycosides
  2. other pcn sub., along w macrocodes
  3. short acting tetracyclines
  4. macrolides
  5. levaquin
  1. a -bacteriostatic; with high doses can be bactericidal
    -used as pen sub.; diff in structure of pen
    -broad spectrum
    -used to treat mild-moderate infection of reps tract, sinuses, gi tract, skin, soft tissue, impetigo and STI
    -PO, slow IV
    -e-mycin drug of choice for Legionnaires mycoplasmal pneumonia
  2. b -primarly treats URIs, acute sinusitis, chronic bronchitis, UTIs.
    -may cause dysrhythmias
  3. c -lincosamides
    -gylcopeptides
    -ketolides
  4. d -PO only
    -Sumycin
  5. e -bactericidal
    -preg cat. C
    -onset of action: immediate
    -peak action: 1-2 hrs

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. -bacteriostatic
    -used in combination to treat h.pylori
    -resistance has increased in treatment of pneumococcal and gonococcal infections
    -orally use mainly
    -available in IV/IM- rare cause of pain
    -not to be taken with magnesium/aluminum antacid preparations, calcium containing products.- prevents absorption
  2. inhibits cell wall synthesis; active against several gr + bacteria; peaks 30min after IV infusion
  3. -PO only
    -declomycin
  4. -sub cat of macrolide
    -focus of vancomycin
    -bactericidal
    -used against drug-resistant s.aureus and cardiac surf prophylaxis w pt with PCN allergy
  5. -oral: treats antibiotic associated pseudomembranous colitis due to c.diff
    -IV: treats severe infections due to MRSA; septicemia; bone, skin, lower reps tract infect that are resistant to other antibiotics
    -t-1/2 life: 6 hrs
    -excretion via urine

5 True/False Questions

  1. red neck (man) syndrome- due to too rapid of an infusion of glycopeptide
    -red blotching of face/neck/chest
    -toxic not allergic rxn
    -no need to stop infusion, lower infusion rate

          

  2. pharmcokinetics of Fluoroquinolones-well absorbed from GI tract
    -low protein binding effect
    -moderate half life: 6-8 hrs
    -excreted via urine

          

  3. avelox-more active against s. pneumoniae than levaquin is

          

  4. Fluoroquinolones-bacteriostatic
    -used in combination to treat h.pylori
    -resistance has increased in treatment of pneumococcal and gonococcal infections
    -orally use mainly
    -available in IV/IM- rare cause of pain
    -not to be taken with magnesium/aluminum antacid preparations, calcium containing products.- prevents absorption

          

  5. pharmacodynamics of macrocodes-readily absorbed from the GI tract; excretion in bile, feces, urine
    -only a small amy is excreted in urine, therefore renal insufficiency is not a contraindication for macrolide use

          

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