the anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which makes a small amount of energy available to cells in the form of ATP
series of chemical reactions that occur in mitochondria, and the process by which cells get most of their energy
a series of reactions that extracts energy from the chemically modified products of glycolysis. Occurs in the matrix.
Types of Fermentation
1) Alcoholic 2) Lactic Acid
used when oxygen is not available, turns NADH back to NAD+ by adding electrons back to pyruvic acid. This is important because without NAD+ glycolysis can't occur.
Acetyl coenzyme A; the entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular respiration, formed from a fragment of pyruvate attached to a coenzyme.
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
protein that acts as a biological catalyst
reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
the site on an enzyme that attaches to a substrate
Light (energy) + CO2 + H20 -> C6H12O6 + O2
Cellular Respiration Reaction
C6H12O6+ 6O2 to 6CO2+ 6H2O
the first stage of photosynthesis during which energy from light is used for the production of ATP
the second stage of photosynthesis that starts with ATP, NADPH, and Carbon dioxide and produces glucose
bacteria that require anaerobic conditions and are poisoned by oxygen
organism that can survive with or without oxygen
The loss of electrons from a substance involved in a redox reaction.
The addition of electrons to a substance involved in a redox reaction.