A thought, word, deed, or omission contrary to God's eternal law. It is a human act that presumes (a) knowledge of wrongdoing, (b) awareness of malice in one's conduct and (c) consent of the will. It damages a person's relationship with God.
Imperfect contrition resulting from being sorry for sins due to fear of God's punishment.
A radical reorientation of one's whole life away from sin and evil and toward God. This is a central element of Christ's preaching, of the Church's ministry of evangelization, and of the Sacrament of Reconciliation.
Consent given so freely and deliberately that an action becomes a personal choice.
A deliberate assistance to another person in the commission of evil.
Sin that is freely and deliberately committed. It involves knowledge of the evil of the act and freedom to avoid it.
An object or circumstance having serious weight or importance.
A permanent state of culpability caused by the frequent commission of actual sins.
The worship or adoration due God alone paid to images "made with hands" or any created object; this is forbidden by the First Commandment. This is distinct from veneration given to saints and holy objects implicitly allowed by the Incarnation as defined at the Seventh Ecumenical Council (Nicæa II, AD 787).
Attrition. Sorrow of the soul and detestation for the sin committed together with the resolution not to sin again as a result of being sorry for sins due to fear of God's punishment.
To come into flesh. The second Person of the Trinity assumed human nature and became man in order to accomplish salvation in that same human nature. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is both true God and true man.
An act that is evil in and of itself and never justifiable, regardless of situation or circumstance.
One of the four cardinal virtues, this refers to observance of the Divine Law. This virtue is used to render to God and each person his due.
An action that plays a role in an evil deed but lacks the deliberate consent to that same cooperative action.
An act that is sinful but does not admit culpability because of ignorance.
A grave offense against God that destroys a person's relationship with him by severing him from divine love. It destroys charity in the heart of man; it turns man away from God, who is his ultimate end and his beatitude, by preferring an inferior good to him.
The concrete number of acts that are committed contrary to a virtue or precept.
OCCASION OF SIN
A person, place, thing, or situation that generally leads to temptation.
The suffering and Death of Jesus.
Sorrow of the soul and detestation for the sin committed together with the resolution not to sin again as a result of being sorry for sins due to a love for God above all else.
Sin that results from deliberation and an act of the will with knowledge.
An evil that is committed by an action as opposed to a thought or an interior attitude.
The possibility of spending eternity in Heaven, made possible by the Incarnation, Death, and Resurrection of Christ.
True sorrow for one's own sins and the firm resolution to avoid all sin in the future.
SACRAMENT OF RECONCILIATION
Also called Penance or Confession. The Sacrament by which Christ forgives sins. Jesus gave his Apostles—who passed it on to their successors down to this day—the power to forgive and retain sins. This Sacrament is administered only by bishops and priests.
The Redemption of our souls and the promise of Heaven brought about by the Death and Resurrection of Jesus, our discipleship in Christ, and our commitment to seeking holiness and avoiding sin.
A transgression of the Divine Law and an offense against God involving the individual's knowledge and will.
SIN OF COMMISSION
Sin by means of committing an evil act such as theft or murder.
SIN OF OMISSION
Sin by means of failure to perform a good act such as the failure to forgive someone who wronged us.
The corporate effect of personal sins on the Mystical Body of Christ, the Church.
The categorization of sins according to the specific virtues they violate.
STRUCTURES OF SIN
Social sin that has become widely accepted and sometimes even supported by civil law.
An offense against the law and love of God that does not deprive the soul of sanctifying grace, but weakens a person's love for God and neighbor.