4-6 prior to foaling the mare should be vaccinated for these 5 things that pass antibodies to the foal.
EWT, WNV, Flu, EHV 1/4
What are the three best predictors for readiness for birth?
udder formation/presence of colostrum, relaxation of cervic, gestational age (>330)
Udder development happens ____ wks prior to brith while waxing occurs ____ hrs prior to foaling.
Cervical dilation favors a _____ delivery time.
Inversion in quantities of ___ and ____ in milk signals foaling is near.
Na and K
Increases of ___ in milk signals foaling is near.
In the days before foaling ____drops in quantity and _____ rises.
Once _____ is above 200ppm foaling is ____% assured w/ in 72 hrs.
For Ca detection, test once a day until the level is greater than _____ppm then test twice a day.
Stage one of parturition in the mare ends with the rupture of the?
Stage two of parturtion in the mare ends with?
expulsion of the fetus
Stage three of parturtion in the mare ends with?
passage of the placenta
A reddened velvet like appearance from the vagina prematurely is premature? and compromises fetal health via?
placental separation; hypoxia
A distinct utero-placental fluid line or anechoic area on US is indicative of?
early placental separation
Red bag is aka?
premature placental separation
Fescue causes premature placental separation aka?
Placetitis, torsion, fetal death, and severe uterine edema are all causes of early?
Make sure the placenta is expelled with in ____ hrs of birth in the mare.
Rupture of the prepubic tendon and hydroallantois are reasons to?
Fetal maturation is closely assoc. with increased ______ activtiy.
What is the biggest concern of the fetus if you're going to induce parturition?
needs functional lungs
Fetal ____ causes fetal _____ release and the beginning of parturition.
____ are too unpredictable for induction of parturition alone and need high doses.
____take hours before foaling occurs in the induction of parturition when used alone.
What is the most common drug used to induce parturition in the mare? and most foaling occur with in the next?
oxytocin; 60 min
If there is no progression in parturition in the mare ____min. after the admin of oxytocin you can give a second dose, but no more that day.