Elements of a Novel or Short Story and Figurative Language Vocabulary

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Vocabulary for Mrs. Waite's Pre-Ap Language Class 2011

Plot

The events that happen in the story.

Conflict

The problem in the story.

Setting

The story's time and place.

Characters

The actors in the story, usually people.

Climax

The story's most intnese or suspenseful part

Resolution

The final outcome of the story... the ending.

Point of View

Lets you know who the storyteller or narrator is- Examples are first person, third person, and omniscient.

Theme

The main message the author wants to twll readers.

Author's Purpose

The reason the author wrote the piece- Authors write to entertain,inform, or persuade readers

Tone

The attitude of the speaker or narrator

Mood

The general sense or feeling which the reader is supposed to get from the text.

Simile

A comparison of two dissimilar things using "like" or "as"- Example "my love is like a red, red rose".

Metaphor

A comparison of two dissimilar things which does not use "like" or "as"- Example "my love is a red, red rose".

Personification

Treating abstractions or inanimate objects as human, that is, giving them human attributes, powers, or feelings- Example "nature wept" or "the wind whispered many truths to me".

Hyperbole

Exaggeration, often extravagant; it may be used for seriious or for comic effect.

Apostrophe

A direct address to a person, thing, or abstraction, such as "O Western Wing," or "Ah, Sorrow, you consume us." Apostrophes are generally capitalized.

Onomatopoeia

A word whose sounds seem to duplicate the sounds they describe- Examples "hiss, buzz, bang, murmur, meow, growl".

Oxymoron

A statement with two parts which seem contradictory; examples: sad joy, a wise fool, the sound of silence, or Hamlet's saying, "I must be cruel only to be kind".

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