denial of responsibility
" i am not responsible because.." Some say its an accident, others that they are the victim of society.
denial of injury
"what i did was not wrong because no one got hurt" define vandalism as mischief, gang fights as a private quarrel, & steeling cars as borrowing.
denial of a victim
some boys thought of themselves as avengers. even if they were caught and admitted that it was illegal they claimed that they "deserved what they got"
condemnation of the condemners
deny others have the right to judge. accuse some one of being a hypocrite, "who are you to judge me"
appeal to higher loyalties
final technique, used to justify antisocial activities was to consider loyalty to the gang more important than following the norms of society. "I had to help my friend"
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