The person responsible for establishing psychology as an independent discipline with its own subject matter is:
She was denied a Ph.D. from Harvard University
What happened to Mary Whiton Calkins, who was one of the early women in psychology and past president of the American Psychological Association?
The School of psychology that suggests psychologists study only what can be objectively observed is
Which core psychological research area is primarily devoted to the study of such as memory, problem solving, and thinking?
Evolutionary psychology examines _____ processes in terms of their adaptive value for members of a species over the course of many generations
Which of the following areas of research in psychology is concerned with understanding the role of the endocrine system in the regulation of behavior?
The most widely practiced professional specialty in psychology is:
The idea that knowledge should be acquired through observation is referred to as
People have a basic need to fulfill their potential for personal growth
Both Rogers and Maslow believe
Within academic psychology, Freud's ideas initially encountered resistance because he emphasized
Attending Class Regularly
According to research findings, which of the following has been found to be associated with higher grades?
Events are governed by some lawful order
The scientific approach assumes that:
Youmans and Jee(2007) found in a study "Fudging the numbers" that the use of chocolate had an effect on students' ratings of teachers' instruction. In their study the students' ratings of instruction (completion of a rating form) was the ___ variable
The school of psychology that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, and suggests that we have a drive for personal growth is:
During World War II, many academic psychologists were pressed into service, mainly as:
Shaping behavior by reinforcement
Which of the following would be least likely to be studied by a cognitive psychologist?
A tendency to view one's own group as superior to others and as the standard for judging the worth of foreign ways is called
Colleges and universities
According to your textbook, the work settings for approximately 28% of psychologists are
Dr. Somers studies psychological topics such as attitude formation and change and how groups influence people's behavior. Which of the following best categorizes Dr. Somers' research specialization?
They consistently apply the scientific method
Which of the following approaches do researchers in psychology take to address the fact that our experiences of the world are highly subjective?
The idea that you should reward yourself for achieving study goals is based on the concept of
Be able to identify and remember the most important points from a lecture
Research findings suggest that when students engage in attentive note taking, they are more likely to:
Based on an evolutionary analysis of spatial skills, you should predict that Jill will be better than Jack at
IQ score, age, weight, GPA, and income are all examples of:
If you believe that increasing levels of anxiety are associated with drug abuse, you have just formulated:
A researcher wants to see if a protein-enriched diet will enhance the maze-running performance of rats. One group of rats is fed the high-protein diet for the duration of the study; the other group continues to receive ordinary rat chow.In this experiment, the rats; maze-running performance is the:
The artificial, contrived situations in which experiments are often conducted
One of the disadvantages of the experimental method is:
Case study method of research
If you interviewed a person over a period of time to understand that person to the greatest degree possible, you would be using the:
The amount of variability in a data set
The standard deviation is a measure of:
A negative correlation between the two variables
An interest rates increase, house sales decline, indicating:
Overweight individuals tend to snore more than underweight individuals
Dr. Redding has found a correlation of +0.65 between snoring and weight. This indicates that:
its composition is similar to the composition of the population
A sample is representative if
the subjects' expectations about treatment
Placebos are used in research to control for
Socially desirable responding
The tendency for survey subjects to provide answers that place them in a favorable light is referred to as:
The fact that many times researches unintentionally influence the outcome of their studies implies the existence of:
A concise summary of the entire article
The abstract of a journal article provides
Can be distorted by reporting biases
Individuals who think critically do not rely on anecdotal evidence because this type of evidence:
The basic links that permit communications within the nervous system are the
The insulating material that encases some axons is referred to as the
The electrical charge inside a neuron when it is in its resting state
An impulse moves from one neuron to another through the action of
A chemical substance that mimics the action of a neurotransmitter is known as an
Sensory information is carried from your eyes to your brain by the way of
A Stereotaxic Instrument
The implantation of electrodes in the brains of animals is accomplished through the use of which of the following?
The brain imaging method that uses multiple x-rays to generate a picture of a horizontal slice of the brain is
The portion of the human brain that mediates simple reflexes, such as sneezing, coughing, and salivating is the:
Activation of dopamine-releasing neurons
The rewarding effects of electrical stimulation of the brain seem to be mediated
The brain structure that controls your ability to understand speech is:
Homozygous for that trait
When the two genes in a specific pair are the same, the individual
The observable characteristics of an individual are referred to as that person's
The seminal research on critical periods in neural development was conducted in the 1960s on which of the following subjects?